Aida is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi from 1871. The libretto was written by Antonio Ghislanzoni based on François Auguste Ferdinand Mariette 's a theme and a sketch of Camille du Loclein French. The command for writing the opera is given on the occasion of the opening of the new Cairo opera house.

The opera premiered in Cairo on 24 december 1871 (led by Verdi's friend the double bass player, composer and conductor Giovanni Bottesini) and in Italy in the Teatro alla Scala in Milan on 8 February 1872 and is still regularly performed at the pyramids of Giza.


[hide]*1 Cast

Division Of Roles[Edit]Edit

  • Aida, an Ethiopian princess and female slave of Amneris- soprano
  • Radames, Captain of the guard- tenor
  • The Pharaoh of Egypt- bass
  • Amneris, daughter of the Pharaoh- mezzo soprano
  • Amonasro, King of Ethiopia- baritone
  • Ramfis, high priest- bass
  • A Messenger- tenor
  • Priests, soldiers, slaves and prisoners- chorus


Aida is a tragic tale set in ancient EgyptEthiopian troops are on their way to attack Egypt, and Egypt is preparing for war. Army captain Radames Gets the high command. Princess Amneris, daughter of the Egyptian Pharaoh, desires Radames violently, but these feelings are not mutual, as Radames has a covert love affair with Aida, a slave of Princess Amneris. No one knows In Egypt that Aida is a daughter of Amonasro, King of Ethiopia. Aida is torn between her love for her father and her homeland Ethiopia and her love for Radames, who leads the war against her native country. She longs for death as a way out.

Led by Radames Egypt achieves a resounding victory on Ethiopia, and Radames is as a time honored (the triumph scene). The Pharaoh receives the hand of his daughter Amneris. However, this is not only happy because he loves Radames Aida. Pressured by her father, the Ethiopian King Amonasro, Aida seduces Radames to her the secret route of the Egyptian army to Ethiopia to tell. This is overheard by Amonasro, which it wants to resume the war against Egypt. The jealous Princess Amneris discovered this and stores alarm, when Radames is accused of treason.The recently promoted as a great hero is now by the Egyptian priests sentenced to "death of eerlozen": bricked alive in the Tomb below the Temple of Ptahthe Egyptian deity. Princess Amneris regrets her jealousy, is tormented by remorse and protested in vain against the verdict of the priests.

He is trapped in the Tomb as Radames mourns that he neither daylight nor Aida back ever will see. But to his dismay he all of a sudden notice Aida. They had hidden themselves in the tomb and says she wants to die in his arms that Radames. While above them in the temple Princess Amneris in Aida mourns, mourning clothes indeed dies in the arms of Radames.

Character of the opera[Edit]Edit

[1]The "triumphal scene" from Opera Pacific in 2006 by Aida , with Angela Brown as Aida, Donnie Ray Albert as Amonasro, Andrew Gangestad as Ramfis, Carl Tanner as Radames, Milena Kitic as Amneris, and Stefan Szkafarowsky as King of Egypt

The relationship between Aida, Amneris and Radames is a powerful love triangle in the history of the opera, in which each character musical is put down.

Radames proves itself from the beginning of the opera with his aria Celeste Aida, where the tenor may prove long can immediately compelling melody lines. This aria ends with a climax to the high b-flat, which Verdi wrote down that this must be sung pianissimo and dying, which, by the way, ignore most Tenors: they end up fortissimo and then get a appreciërend applause from the overwhelmed audience.

The scene in which Amneris discovered that Aida loves Radames fervently has a double dramatic contrast. On the one hand there is the rivalry between the two women, on the other hand, there is the contrast between their personal feud and the festive atmosphere of the victory outside. The offstage chorus cries for the death of the enemy, while Amneris threatens with revenge on Aida, who prays for forgiveness of the gods.

The rival of Amneris, Aida, is itself also caught between contradictory feelings when they later try the priests to talk to Radames to donate forgiveness for his treachery. This is a highly dramatic moment in the opera, in which Verdi wrote one of his best pieces of music for the mezzo-soprano, facing a chorus of priests.

Another famous excerpt is the triumphal March, not least by the sudden modulation in the middle of the theme for the trumpets.

Verdi sat with the problem of the Oriental effect in his music. He had to integrate Oriental influences or instruments in his opera? He found a perfect solution in the scene in the Temple of Ptah, where he wrote a ' Western ' rhythmic accompaniment for the harp and the Orchestra, with the unusual ' Oriental ' melodic intervals in the solo by the High Priestess in which they call god.

Noted Arias[Edit]Edit

  • Celeste Aida
  • O Patria Mia

Furthermore, in particular the famous triumphal March. Verdi wrote for this section the use of special, so-called As- trumpets for trumpets.

Selected recordings[Edit]Edit

Year Division Of Roles

(Radames, Aida, Amneris, Ramfis, Amonasro)


opera company and Orchestra

1949 Richard Tucker,

Herva Nelli, Eva Gustavson, Giuseppe Valdengo, Norman Scott

Arturo Toscanini,

NBC Symphony Orchestra, Robert Shaw Chorale

Audio CD: RCA Gold Seal

Cat: 60300-2-RG

1951 Mario del Monaco,

Maria Callas, Oralia Dominguez, Giuseppe Taddei, Roberto Silva

Oliviero de Fabritiis,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Palacio de Bellas Artes

Audio CD:EMI Classics

Cat: 62678 Audio CD: Myto Records Cat: 150

1952 Mario del Monaco,

Renata Tebaldi, Ebe Stignani, Aldo Protti, Dario Caselli

Alberto Erede,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia

Audio CD: Naxos Historical

Cat: 8.110129-30[1]

1955 Jussi Björling,

Zinka Milanov, Fedora Barbieri, Leonard Warren, Boris Christoff

Jonel Perlea,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Opera Roma

Audio CD: Naxos Historical

Cat: 8.111042-44[2]

1955 Richard Tucker,

Maria Callas, Fedora Barbieri, Tito Gobbi, Giuseppe Maganga

Tullio Serafin,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro alla Scala

Audio CD: Naxos Historical

Cat: 8.111240-41[3 Audio CD: EMI Classics Cat: 5563162

???? Giuseppe di Stefano,

Antonietta Stella, Giulietta Simionato, Giangiacomo Guelfi, Nicola Zaccaria

Antonino Votto,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro alla Scala

Audio CD: Great Opera Performances

Cat: GOP66353

1959 Carlo Bergonzi,

Renata Tebaldi, Giulietta Simionato, Cornell MacNeil, Arnold van Mill

Herbert von Karajan,

Wiener StaatsoperWiener Philharmoniker

Audio CD: Decca Records

Cat: DEC 2894670232

1961 Mario del Monaco,

Gabriella Tucci, Giulietta Simionato, Aldo Protti, Paolo Washington

Franco Capuana,

NHK Symphony Orchestra (film included in Tokyo)

DVD: Video Artists Int'l

Cat: DVDVAI4420

1962 Jon Vickers,

Leontyne Price, Rita Gorr, Robert Merrill, Giorgio Tozzi

Sir Georg Solti,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma

Audio CD: Decca Records

Cat: 4607652

1966 Carlo Bergonzi,

Leyla Gencer, Fiorenza Cossotto, Anselmo Colzani, And Bonaldo Giaiotti

Franco Capuana,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Arena di Verona

Audio CD: Historical Recording Enterprises
1972 Plácido Domingo,

Martina Arroyo, Fiorenza Cossotto Piero Cappuccilli, Nicolai Ghiaurov

Claudio Abbado,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro alla Scala

Audio CD: Opera D'oro

Cat: 7002

1974 Plácido Domingo,

Montserrat Caballé, Fiorenza Cossotto, Piero Cappuccilli, Nicolai Ghiaurov

Riccardo Muti,

New Philharmonia Orchestra chorus of the Royal Opera House

Audio CD: EMI Classics

Cat: 5676132

1981 Luciano Pavarotti,

Margaret Price, Stefania Toczyska, Simon Estes, Kurt Rydl

Garcia Navarro,

Chorus and Orchestra of the War Memorial Opera House

DVD: Kultur International Films

Cat: 3984 22366 2

1983 Plácido Domingo,

Katia Ricciarelli, Elena Obraztsova, Ruggero Raimondi, Nicolai Ghiaurov

Claudio Abbado,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro alla Scala

Audio CD:Deutsche Grammophon

Cat: 4100922

1986 Luciano Pavarotti,

Maria Chiara, Ghena Dimitrova, Juan Pons, Abdul Qahar Burchuladze

Lorin Maazel,

Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro alla Scala

DVD: Image Entertainment

Cat: 0014381578522 DVD: Arthaus Musik Cat: 100059

1989 Plácido Domingo,

Aprile Millo, Dolora Zajick, Sherrill Milnes, Abdul Qahar Burchuladze

James Levine,

Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and chorus

DVD: Deutsche Grammophon

Cat: 00440 073 0019

Note: "Cat:" is short for catalogue number by the society; ""ASIN" is the product reference number on

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