Atahualpa Yupanqui (22 January 1908 - 23 May 1992) was an Argentine singer, singer-songwriter, guitarist and writer. He is considered one of the most important Argentinefolk musician of the 20th century.


[hide]*1 Biography


Yupanqui was born as Héctor Roberto Chavero Aramburo in Pergamino (Buenos Aires province), in the Argentine pampas, about 200 kilometers away from Buenos Aires. His family moved to Tucumán when he was ten. In honor of two legendary IncanKings he took stage name Atahualpa Yupanqui, a name which he made world famous.

Early in his career he travelled around and in Northwest Argentina and in the altiplano (plateau in the Andes) where he studied the native American culture. On a political level, he radicalized, and became a member of the then Communist Party of Argentina. In 1931, he took part in the rebellion of the brothers Kennedy (Roberto, Mario and Eduardo) and had to flee to Uruguay. He returned in 1934.

For the first time In 1935 visited Yupanqui Buenos Aires: his compositions became popular and he was invited to radio performances. Shortly after, he became acquainted with the pianist Antonieta Paula Pepin Fitzpatrick (nicknamed "Nenette"), who was his companion and together with and worked for him and composed under the pseudonym "Pablo del Cerro". They had a son Roberto.

Because of its membership of the Communist Party (until 1952), his work suffered from censorship during Juan Perón's period. He was arrested and detained several times. In 1949 , he moved to Europe, and became by Édith Piaf invited to perform in Paris in June of the same year. He then made an extensive concert tour in Europe.

In 1952, Yupanqui returned to Buenos Aires. He broke with the Communist Party, making him more opportunities for radio performances.

The recognition of Yupanqui's ethnographic work came during the 1960s, and nueva canción artists such as Mercedes Sosa and Jorge Cafrune names his compositions on and made him popular with the young musicians, who called him Don Ata.

Yupanqui alternated between houses in Buenos Aires and Cerro Colorado in the province of Córdoba, Argentina. In 1963-1964 he toured in JapanColombiaEgyptMoroccoIsrael, and Italy. In 1967 he toured inSpain and settled in Paris. He returned regularly to Argentina, but these visits became rarer after the military dictatorship of Jorge Videla came to power in 1976.

Yupanqui died in NîmesFrance in 1992-he was 84 years old; He was buried in the churchyard Cerro Colorado.

Most famous songs[Edit]Edit

  • "Los Hermanos"
  • "Viene clareando"
  • "El arriero"
  • "Zamba del grillo"
  • "La añera"
  • "La pobrecita"
  • "Milonga del peón de campo"
  • "Camino del indio"
  • "Chacarera de las piedras"
  • "Recuerdos del Portezuelo"
  • "El alazán"
  • "Indiecito dormido"
  • "El aromo"
  • "Le tengo rabia al silencio"
  • "Piedra y camino"
  • "Luna tucumana"
  • "Los eyes de mi carreta"
  • "Sin caballo y en Montiel"
  • "Cachilo dormido"
  • "Tú que puedes vuélvete"
  • "Nada mas"
  • "Vidala Dolorosa"
  • "Danza de la paloma enamorada"
  • "El indio y la quena"


  • Piedra sola (1940)
  • Aires indios (1943)
  • Cerro Bayo (1953)
  • Guitarra (1960)
  • El canto del viento (1965)
  • El payador perseguido (1972)
  • La Capataza (1992)

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