Julian Edwin "Cannonball" Adderley (Tampa (Florida), 13 september 1928 - Gary (Indiana), 8 August 1975) was an American multi-instrumentalist , best known as alto saxophonist, though he also plays soprano saxophoneon some plates. In the 1950s and 1960s he was one of the leading hard bopmusicians. One of his best-known singles is "Mercy Mercy Mercy", a crossover hit from 1966, and he also appeared on the seminal album Kind of Blue (1959) by Miles Davis. Adderley was the brother of jazz cornetist and trumpeter Nat Adderley, who for years was a member of his band.
In the period 1944-1948 he studied at the University of Tallahassee (U.S. Navy School of Music), where he learned to play the flute, trumpet, clarinet and viola and conducted a school Orchestra to the Dillard High School in Fort Lauderdale (1948-50). It was there that he got his nickname "Cannibal" enormous appetite, which later "Cannonball" was.
Cannonball was a local legend in Florida and had already led two army bands when he moved to New Yorkin 1955. Especially his performances there with bassist Oscar Pettiford in the Café Bohemia were a success. Together with his brother Nat Adderley , trumpeter , he founded afterwards the Cannonball Adderley Quintet, which was not very successful but still managed to draw the attention of Miles Davis. Adderley joined in 1957 to the Miles Davissextet, around the time that John Coltrane left the band to play with Thelonious Monk's band. He played there from end 1957 for 18 months on the part of saxophonist John Coltrane and the pianists Red Garland, Bill Evans andWynton Kelly), and is heard on the Davis recordings Milestones and Kind of Blue .
The constants within The Cannonball Adderley Quintet were Cannonball and his brother NAT. Although the Quintet was not very successful in his first form, took the recognition and success after the band left the Miles Davis and Cannonball Quintet reformed. The newly formed band garnered immediate success with the in the Jazz Workshop in San Francisco recorded live Waltz by Bobby Timmons: "This Here". The recorded live LP The Cannonball Adderley Quintet in San Francisco (1960) became a best seller. This album is also an example of the beginning of the so-called ' soul jazz ' that Adderley with his quintet. The orchestra played in a style that, in time, a bridge between the bebop and funk.
In the Quintet (later sextet that was) and the other combos and groups that Cannonball led, the pianists played musicians such as Bobby Timmons, Victor Feldman andJoe Zawinul (who later along with Wayne Shorter would the group Weather Report ), bass players as Sam Jones, Louis Hayes and drummers like Art Blakey.
As band leader
- Somethin' Else (1958)-with Miles Davis, Hank Jones, Sam Jones, Art Blakey
- Things Are Getting Better (1958)
- Cannonball Adderley Quintet in Chicago (1959)-with John Coltrane
- Quintet in San Francisco (1959)
- Cannonball and Coltrane (1959)
- At the Lighthouse (1960)
- Them Dirty Blues (1960)
- Know What I Mean? (1961)-with Bill Evans
- African Waltz (1961)
- The Quintet Plus (1961)
- Nancy Wilson/Cannonball Adderley (1961)
- In New York (1962)
- Cannonball's Bossa Nova (1962)
- Jazz Workshop Revisited (1963)
- Nippon Soul (1963)
- Mercy, Mercy, Mercy! Live at ' The Club ' (1966)
- Why Am I Treated So Bad! (1967)
- 74 Miles Away (1967)
- Radio Nights (1967)
- Accent On Africa (1968)
- Country Preacher (1969)
- The Price You Got to Pay to Be Free (1970)
- The Black Messiah (Live) (1972)
- Inside Straight (1973)
- Pyramid (1974)
- Phenix (1975)
- Lovers ... (1976)
With Miles Davis
- Milestones (1958)
- Miles & Monk at Newport (1958)
- Jazz at the Plaza (1958)
- Porgy and Bess (1958)
- Kind of Blue (1959)