Edvard Hagerup Grieg (Bergen, June 15, 1843 -died 4 september 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist from the Romance. By working as the Piano Concerto in a minor, the lyric pieces for piano, Songs and he applies the Peer Gyntsuites as the main Norwegian composer. Grieg was also called "the Chopin of the North". 
- Music 2
- 3 Trivia
- 4 Compositions
- 5 Recordings
- 6 References
- 7 external links
Edvard Grieg was born on 15 June 1843 in Bergen (Norway). He was born into a musical family. His mother, Gesine Judith Hagerup († 1875), was very artistic (and had also studied piano and vocals) and his father, Alexander Grieg († 1875), merchant and British diplomat to Mountains, performed in his spare time. Grieg had a brother (John) and three sisters, who were also musically gifted.  
At the age of six gets Grieg les of his mother in piano and theory.  she was a strict teacher, but Grieg her for her later will grateful. [source? ]At the age of 10 he learns for the first time folk music , which will have great influence on his later life. His first works were mainly of German nature, especially since his mother had much admiration for composers such as Chopin, Mendelssohnand Weber . In later times he will oppose against this German method.  his first composition variations on a German melody for piano, he wrote at the age of twelve.  he took the work to school, but was sure punished, and the manuscript was burned.  Grieg had not a pleasant school period: he often spend recess often and was also bullied.
In 1858 teaches Grieg the violinist Ole Bull , which his family manages to convince him at the Conservatory in Leipzig to study. Still in October this year, he was enrolled as a student.  Grieg would there are trained to be an excellent pianist, but still never reach a virtuoso status. His poor health was to blame here. [source? ]In 1860 he had to leave the Conservatory because of a severe form of Pleurisy, causing his right lung was affected in such a way, that they no longer functioned. As a result, he had his lifelong respiratory problems.  the recovery took the necessary time to complete: could he continued studying until after the summer. when he left the Conservatory in 1862, to study the redundant because he found further, he closed with a concert in which he got to know his shortcomings. [source? ]On this occasion he played his opus 1: four pieces for piano, for which he garnered much praise.  when he became acquainted with Rikard Nordraak (1842-1866), who showed him the basis of national music on which he could build, he learned to know his true calling: a being an artist devoted to the music of the Romantic nationalism.  Grieg documented his study to the Leipziger Conservatory in the form of three large format books, in which both his development as a student is documented as, in the past, the teaching methodology of derived form this famous enhanced music educational institution.Edvard and Nina Grieg, portrait photo from 1899, l. Szacinskij. Signed "Kristiania, 24-12-1902"
On June 11, 1867 married Grieg with his cousin Nina Hagerup (1845-1935), a gifted singer, who in particular nomination because of her songs was praised, and an able pianist. Even before his marriage had Grieg asked the Symphony Orchestra to conduct "The Phil harmony", following a concert with violinist Normann. [source? ]Thanks to this invitation he now had sufficient financial means to start a family and to maintain. In addition, he continued to give private classes and composing. "The Phil harmony" was a very moderate Orchestra with a choir unaware. Nevertheless, the Requiem of Mozart succeeded Grieg and Mendelssohn's Overture "Elias" to perform. However, donated the perform him not much satisfaction. [source?]
In 1869 came Edvard and Nina's only child, Alexandra, died at the age of only one year. In the same year Nina got a miscarriage; for both of them a huge blow. 
In december 1869, Grieg got a letter from Rome by Franz Liszt (1811-1886), who showed much admiration for the Violin Sonata op. 7. As a result, the Norwegian Government granted him a stipend to travel to Rome to visit Liszt.  For this special opportunity he took his Piano Concerto op. 16 composed only with it. Liszt had great admiration for. "So on", Liszt said, and "I tell you, ge have the gift for-and don't be put off!"  Grieg wrote to his parents on 9 april 1870 that this visit has been of "infinite sense" for him. On the occasion of this visit Foran Sydens Kloster Grieg wrote (in front a monastery gate) opus 20, for women's choir and Orchestra, which he dedicated to Liszt (1870). 
After his return from Rome, Grieg in Kristiania (Oslo) the "Musikforeningen" (' Music Association ') on which he and Johan Svendsen led to 1873. He has not, however, much pleasure myself.  Between 1865 and 1866 Grieg often came into contact with the playwright Henrik Ibsen, for whom he composed his songs on texts. In 1874 wrote Grieg Peer Gynt, a play by Ibsen, for which their friendship was even more fervently. After a year the work was ready. The premiere took place on February 24, 1876. Grieg found it does not pass,[source? ]but it would be extremely popular.Troldhaugen, the residence of Edvard Grieg
From 1877 without Grieg set in the mountains, where he gained much inspiration. This he held for some years full, but after some time he lost his interest in the environment and his ideas were exhausted.
Grieg and his wife moved In 1885 to Bergen, to his weak health. In it came now improvement. He let build a House there, which got the name Troldhaugen .  Grieg performing his compositions remained abroad, what his health not benefited. In the end, his life a fight against his illness.
Grieg got a bust In 1903 and a pile of congratulations on his birthday. He also continued to go overseas for concerts, but that took off steadily. His wife helped him for all this time. In 1905 gave Grieg on the occasion of the independence of Norway a concert for the King of Norway, Haakon VII.  his last work Fire salmer (Four Psalms), based on folk music, he has composed in the summer-autumn of 1906. Despite its particularly bad state of health, he undertook various concert tours in his last year of life, among other things to Copenhagen. On 3 september 1907 he had to-right after a concert journey through England-to be hospitalized to store.  once there, he said: "Saa dette skulde bli min Bane" ("this would be so my end"). Final resting place of Edvard and Nina Grieg
On the morning of september 4, 1907 died Grieg on 64-year-old age. The funeral took place on 9 september. The people mourned and the funeral procession in his hometown attracted more than 50,000 people. Under the sounds of his own funeral March for Nordraak was the coffin led to cremation.   his ashes-and, many years later, that of his wife-was buried in a mountain crypt near his villa Troldhaugen.  he left the city library to $ 65000 to mountains,, as well as other estates, such as compositions and archives (letters, manuscripts, diaries and photos).
Grieg is for the most part as miniaturist-his great power lay in writing small musical forms with an often straightforward gradient, which is especially reflected in his piano music. His earliest work belongs to the German romance. His later compositions are characterized by seemingly simple melodies with a distinctive and subtle chromaticharmonic style, in which he often drew on the Norwegian folk music -especially the Norwegian folk songs and dances.  X-ray noting that the view that Grieg folk music in his compositions have been used on a widespread misunderstanding. Almost everything he was composed of own invention. With a few exceptions he has no large pieces of music such as symphonies and operas composed, although he was ambitious enough. 
Many of his songs and music-in particular the lyric pieces for piano-has found its way in many musical family. His music is because of this widespread hit.  The Ballade, op. 24-actually variations on a Norwegian folk song-is one of Grieg's largest and also most important works for piano, which was highly praised by Brahms . The work belongs to the concert repertoire of many pianists. 
- His villa Troldhaugen can still be visited in Mountains, as well as the hut where he often withdrew to compose. There is a museum next to built. In the 90 's was an atmosphere-/promotiefilm about Norway which Grieg's music as background was used.
- Grieg composed his opus 66, nineteen Norwegian folk songs, in the "Fossli Hotel", located at the top of the waterfall Vøringsfossen, on the edge of Hardangervidda.
- He was a close friend of the German-Dutch composer Julius Röntgen. By his hand appeared in 1930 a biography, in which rich is quoted from their correspondence.
- Grieg's Morgenstemning from the Peer Gynt-incidental music was played during the interment of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands at the time the coffin descended with her remains in the crypt in Delft.
- Music by Grieg becomes particularly often used for movies, radio and television programs. A honky-tonkversie of the opening theme of his piano concert under the title Grieg Oneserved as the tune for a popular program by Joost den Draaijer on Radio Veronica.
- Geert Wilders used in his film Fitna Aases death from Peer Gynt as background music.
- A recording of the complete oeuvre of Grieg (on 21 CDs) appeared in 1993 on the Norwegian label Victoria and was reissued in 2007 on Brilliant Classics.
- Grieg piano concerto Royalty-free lp recording from 1954 of Grieg's piano concert by Abbey Simon (piano), Willem van Otterloo (conductor) and the Residentie Orchestra on the website of Radio 4 (Netherlands).
- Galway, j., Mann, w., Music in Time, 1983;
- Horton, j., Grinde, n., Grieg, Edvard (Hagerup), www.grovemusic.com, Grove Music Online, ed. l. Macy (accessed on June 14, 2008).
- Horton, j., Grinde, n., Nina Grieg, www.grovemusic.com, Grove Music Online, ed. l. Macy (accessed on June 14, 2008).
- Herresthal, h., Edvard Grieg, a biography of Edvard Grieg, consulted on June 14, 2008;
- Hughes, p., Edvard and Nina Grieg, a biography of Edvard Grieg, consulted on June 14, 2008;
- NVMB newsletter, nr. 2: 2 sept. 2004 .
- Wrist, André m., the life of e. Grieg, ed. Brussels: Reinaert, 1971.
- X-ray, j., Grieg, ed. 's-Gravenhage: Kruseman, 1930.
- Schjelderup-Ebbe, Dag Finn Bene City: Edvard Grieg – match by are mennesket og art, h. Aschehoug & co. (w. Nygaard), Oslo, 1980, ISBN 82 03 10239 5 (Norwegian);
- Schjelderup-Ebbe, Dag Finn Bene City: Edvard Grieg – Mensch und Künstler, Deutscher Verlag für Musik, Leipzig, 1993, ISBN 3 370 00291 4 (German);
- Finn Bene city, Hella Brock: Edvard Grieg-Briefwechsel mit dem Musikverlag c. f. Peters (1863-1907), Frankfurt/Main, 1997, ISBN 3 876 26010 8 (German);
- Day Bredal, Terje Strøm-Olsen: Edvard Grieg – Musikken er and kampplass. Aventura Forlag A/s, Oslo. 1992, ISBN 82 588 0890 7 (Norwegian);
- Erling Dahl jr.: introduksjon til hans Edvard Grieg-And liv og musikk, Vigmostad og Bjørke, mountains, 2007, ISBN 978 82 419 0418 9 (Norwegian);
- David Monrad Johansen: Edvard Grieg. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, Oslo, 1956 (Norwegian);
- Jules Cuypers: Edvard Grieg. J.H. Gottmer, Haarlem/Antwerpen, 1948 (Dutch);
- G. Schjelderup, Walter Niemann: Edvard Grieg. Biographie und Würdigung seiner Werke. Leipzig, 1908 (German).