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Elisabeth Claude Jacquet de la Guerre

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Claude Élisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre (Paris, ca. 1665 – Paris, 27 July 1729) was a French composer and harpsichordist and fortepianist, daughter of the organist and maître de clavecin Claude Jacquet and husband of the organist Martin de la Guerre.

De la Guerre is, next to one of the most important female composers from before 1800, one of the leading composers of the reign of Louis XIV; as a child prodigy by 10 years they could according to read all the most difficult music journal Mercure galant, is accompanied on the harpsichord and transpose in each Show nature which one gave her[1]. They got space to develop her musical talent by influential people as the Madame de Montespan and Madame de Maintenon. This allowed it to the Court and one of the most important French composers are next to Jean-Baptiste Lully . Many of her compositions carried De la Guerre on to Louis XIV. During her life was de la Guerre a celebrity and her salon concerts and public recitals were in magazines full of praise described. De la Guerre composed in various genres: opera, ballet, cantatas.


[hide]*1 life and work

Life and work[Edit]Edit

In 1684 the organist Martin married Élisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre, coming from a prominent dynasty of musicians, and left the following year in the apartments of the DauphinLouis of France, a small opera-ballet perform, possible Les Jeux à l'honneur de la victoire. She published her first collection In 1687 harpsichord works (followed by a second collection in 1707) and in opera Céphale et Procris 1694 she was executed.De la Guerre was admittedly true to the Lully-tradititie, but she was also sensitive to the goût italien, the preference for the Italian style, which developed in France around 1700. De la Guerre experimented early on with typical Italian forms. Especially in her preuvent se jouër sur Pièces de Clavecin qui le Viollon from 1707 is that influence present, but also in her cantatas. The cantatas, on texts by Houdar de la Motte, are among the few spiritual cantatas which are written in the French baroque style,[2]. For the cantatas De la Guerre used numerous symphonies, instrumental parts, which have a descriptive character: sounds of the battle (in Le Passage de la mer rouge), storms (in Jonas) or State of sleep (in Judith).

Chronological list of works by De la Guerre[3[Edit]Edit

[1]Cephalus and Prokris, subject of the la Guerres only opera (Jean-Honoré Fragonard)*Pièces de Clavessin/Premier Livre (1687):

  • Les Jeux à l'honneur de la victoire/Ballet (1685, or ca. 1691-1692)
  • Céphale et Procris/Tragédie en musique (1694)
  • Sonatas and trio violon seul et basse et pour continuous (ca. 1695)
  • Pièces de Clavecin qui preuvent se jouër sur le Viollon (1707)
  • Cantatas françoises, sur des sujets tires the l'Ecriture/Livre premier: Esther – Le Passage de la mer Rouge – Jacob et Rachel – Jonas – Susanne et les vieillards – Judith (1708)
  • Air sérieux, Recueil d'airs sérieux "Aux vains attraits", et à différents the authors (boire (1710)
  • Cantatas françoises, sur des sujets tirez de l'Ecriture/Livre second: Adam – Le Temple rebasti – Le Déluge – Joseph – Jephté – Samson (1711)
  • Les Amuse man the Mgr le duc de Bretagne (4 airs) (1712)
  • Cantates françoises: Sémélé – L'Ile de Délos – Le Sommeil d'Ulisse – Le Raccommodement Comique the Pierrot et de Nicole (ca. 1715)
  • La Ceinture de Vénus/Dialogue the Mademoiselle de La Guerre (1721)
  • Air sérieux, Printemps "Les Rossignols, dès que le jour commence" in Recueil d'airs sérieux et à boire of J-B-C Ballard (1721)
  • Air à boire, La Provençale "chers amis", Entre nous knife Suivons nos désirs ", Deuxième Air," Recueil d'airs sérieux et à boire of J-B-C Ballard (1724)
  • La Musette ou Les bergers de Suresne (alert. falsely attributed to; 1713)
  • Te Deum à grands Choeurs (lost; 1721)

Selected discography[Edit]Edit

  • Pièces de clavecin, Blandine Verlet, harpsichord (Hans Ruckers II, 1624) (Auvidis E 8644)
  • The complete harpsichord suites, Carole Cerasi (Andreas Ruckers, 1636) (Metronome with CD 1026)
  • Céphale et Procris. Tragédie en musique Musica Fiorita, soloists and conducted by Daniela Dolci (ORF Edition Alte Musik, CD 3033)
  • Cantatas bibliques – Pièces instrumentales, Isabelle Poulenard and Sophie Boulin (soprano), Michel Verschaeve (baritone), instrumental ensembles, conducted by Guy Robert and Georges Guillard (Arion ARN, 268012, 2CDs)
  • Sonates pour violon et basse, viole obligé-continuous, La Réveuse (Mirare, MIR 105)

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