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Emil Gilels

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Grigoryevitsj Emil Gilels, sometimes represented as Hilels[1][2(Григо́рович Гі́лельс,Ukrainian: Емі́ль Эми́ль Григо́рьевич Ги́лельс Russian:; Gi'lelis Emi'li Grego'rievitsj) (Odessa19 October 1916 – MoscowOctober 14, 1985) was a Ukrainian pianist and is widely regarded as one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 early life

Life Course[Edit]Edit

Both parents were musicians of Gilels. He got his first piano lessons when he was six years old, by Yakov Tkach, a rigidly disciplined man who focused on scales and study. Gilels later said that this strict training formed the basis of his technique. [3Gilels made his public debut when he was twelve years was in June of the year 1929 with a well-received program of BeethovenScarlattiChopin and Schumann. [3In 1930, he went to the Conservatory of Odessa where he was tutored by Berta Reingbald, whom Gilels credited as a formative influence for him was.

In 1933 the newly established Gilels won at the age of 16, All Soviet Union Piano Competition. After graduating in 1935 he moved to Moscow where he studied under Heinrich Neuhaus until 1937 at the Moscow Conservatory. A year later, he won the Ysaÿe International Festival in Brussels (now the Queen Elisabeth Competition), where he and Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli participants as Mary Johnstone left behind. [4]

Gilels performed the premiere of Sergej No. piano Sonata No. 8, which was dedicated to Mira Mendelssohn, on 30 december 1944, in the great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory.

In 1946, he won the prestigious State Prize of the USSR, in 1961 and in 1966 the order of Lenin and the Lenin Prize in 1962.

Gilels was the first artist from the Soviet Union permitted to frequently travel to make it to the West. After the Second World War he began in 1947 with various tours throughout Europe, and in 1955 he made his debut in the United States; He then played Tchaikovsky's first piano concerto in Philadelphia. In 1952 he went to teach at the Moscow Conservatory. In his last years he remained in the Soviet Union and came rarely more abroad.

He was working on a project on Beethoven's piano sonatas for Deutsche Grammophon finalize when he died in 1985 in Moscow after a medical examination (for his recording of the "hammerklavier" Sonata-he received a Gramophone Awardin 1984). Sviatoslav Richter, who knew Gilels well and likewise at Neuhaus at the Moscow Conservatory had studied, said that Gilels was accidentally killed when an incompetent doctor from the Kremlin hospital gave him the wrong injection during a normal checkup. [5]

Rating[Edit]Edit

Gilels is universally admired for his superb technical control and flaming show. [6his interpretations of the Central German-Austrian classics formed the heart of his repertoire, especially BeethovenBrahms, andSchumann; He was equally illuminative with ScarlattiBach, as in his game of the 20th century for example, Debussy's music, Bartók, and Prokofiev. His Liszt was first class and his recordings of the Hungarian Rhapsody nº 6 and the Sonata in b minor have acquired classic status in some circles. [7]

Highlights of his recordings[Edit]Edit

  • 1935- LisztFantasy on two themes of Mozart's "Le nozze di Figaro".
  • 1951- LisztHungarian Rhapsody No. 9.
  • 1954- Saint-SaënsPiano Concerto No. 2 in g minor, op. 22 (cond.: Cluytens) *.
  • 1954- Medtner: Piano Sonata No. 5 in G minor, op. 22.
  • 1955- Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto No. 3 in d minor, op. 30 (cond. Cluytens).
  • 1958- Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-flat major, op. 83 (cond. Reiner).
  • 1957- Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 4 (conductor. Ludwig).
  • 1957- Scriabin: Sonata No. 4 in F major, op. 30 *.
  • 1957- Weinberg: Piano Sonata No. 4 in B minor.
  • 1959- Schubert: Trout quintet, Quintet for piano, violin, cello, and double bass in A major D667 Amadeus Quartet
  • 1961 – J.S.Bach Prelude in b minor (arranged by Siloti) *
  • 1968- Medtner: Piano Sonata No. 10 in a minor, op. 38 No. 1. ("Sonata Reminiscenza")
  • 1969- Beethoven Bach Live at Carnagie Hall *
  • 1972- Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 2 in G major, op. 44 (cond. Maazel).
  • 1972- Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 in d minor, op. 15 and Piano Concerto No. 2 2 in B flat major, op. 83 (cond. Jochum).
  • 1973- Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 23 in f minor, op.57 Appassionata.
  • 1973- DebussyImages, book 1*.
  • 1973- Mozart: Piano Concerto No. 27 in B-flat major, K595 (cond. Boehm).
  • 1974- Grieglyric pieces.
  • 1974- Prokofiev: Sonata No. 8 in B-flat major, op. 84.
  • 1977- RachmaninoffPrelude in c minor, op. 3 No. 2*
  • 1978- Chopin: Piano Sonata No. 3 in b minor, op. 58.
  • 1982- Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-flat major, op. 106 hammerklavier
  • 1984- Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-flat major, op. 106 hammerklavier*
  • 1984- ScriabinSonata No. 3 *

*= live.

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