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Freddie Hubbard

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Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (Freddie) (Indianapolis (Indiana), 7 april 1938 – Sherman Oaks (California[1]29 december 2008) was an African American jazz-trumpeter.


[hide]*1 the early days

The early days[Edit]Edit

Hubbard had contact with various musicians In his youth in his hometown of Indianapolis, including Wes Montgomery and his brothers. Chet Baker had an early influence on Hubbard, although Hubbard soon to deal with Clifford Brown (and his forerunners: Fats Navarro and Dizzy Gillespie) chose.

New York and Blue Note[Edit]Edit

Mr. Hubbard's jazz career took a serious starting when he moved to New York City in 1958. There he worked among others with Sonny RollinsSlide Hamptonj. j. JohnsonBill EvansPhilly Joe JonesOliver Nelson, and Quincy Jones. He attracted attention when he was in the pioneering hard bop ensemble played Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, and can be heard on albums like MosaicBuhaina's Delight, and Free For All. In 1964, he left the Messengers to lead his own band, and from then on he held a prized status that allowed him to work as a band leader or special guest only, never as sideman .

Born in 1938, together with two other trumpeters Lee Morgan (died in 1972) and Booker Little (died 1961), exerted a major influence on the direction that Hubbard jazz went out in the 1960s. He participated in a large number of recordings for Blue Note Records: eight albums as a bandleader, and twenty-eight as a sideman. [2most of these recordings are considered classics. Hubbard worked as a musician on classic albums such as Speak No Evil by Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock's Maiden Voyage . Hubbard can be heard on some early milestones of the avant-garde jazz (Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz: A Collective ImprovisationEric Dolphy's Out to Lunch and John Coltrane's Ascension), but he never fully embraced the free jazz , although it has influenced his way of playing.


After he left, Hubbard made Blue Note recordings for Atlantic Records and was his style something more commercial. The following label for which he recorded was CTI Records, where he recorded his most famous work, Red ClayFirst Light, and Sky Dive. Around 1970 he was by his passionate, melodic improvisation and his phenomenal technique established as perhaps the leading trumpeter of those days, but a series of commercially oriented smooth jazz albums caused some negative criticism. In addition, his emotional instability on stage a problem. (On a notable recording on which Hubbard with Blakey plays in Europe one can hear that the trumpeter calls out to the public, swears, cries, and leaves the stage.) [source? ]After he signed with Columbia Records, Mr. Hubbard's albums were almost exclusively commercial slant. However, toured with the band in 1976 Hubbard V.S.O.P., led by Herbie Hancock, who brought in the style of the unadulterated jazz Miles Davis Quintet of the 1960s (in which Hubbard took the place of Davis).

The 80 's until his death[Edit]Edit

In the 80 's the projects of Hubbard went back and forth between a straight-forward style and a more commercial style. Hubbard made recordings for various labels including Sweet Return of Joan Cartwright on Atlantic, Pablo Records, Fantasy, Elektra/Musician, and the Blue Note label aroused again to life. The slightly younger Woody Shaw was Mr. Hubbard's most important jazz counterpart, and the two eventually made three recordings. Hubbard played with Joe HendersonChick CoreaStanley Clarkeand Lenny White in the Griffith Park Collective, however, but that was short-lived.

After a long standing health problem and a serious injury to his lip in 1992 joined Hubbard sometimes still on and he makes from time to time recordings. He explained himself no longer the high tempo that he continued in his earlier career.

Freddie Hubbard died at the age of 70 after complications resulting from a heart attack.

Discography (partial)[Edit]Edit

  • Open Sesame (1960)
  • Goin' Up (1960)
  • Hup cap (1961)
  • Ready for Freddie (1961)
  • Hub-Tones (1962)
  • The Body and The Soul (1963)
  • Breaking point (1964)
  • Blue Spirits (1966)
  • Backlash (1966)
  • Red Clay (1970)
  • Straight Life (1970)
  • First Light (1971)
  • Sky Dive (1972)
  • Windjammer (1976)
  • Bundle of Joy (1977)
  • Super Blue (1978)
  • The Love Connection (1979)
  • Keystone Bop/A Little Night Music/Classics (1981)
  • Sweet Return (1985)
  • Doubletake (with Woody Shaw) (1985)
  • The Eternal Triangle (with Woody Shaw) (1987)

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