Herbert von Karajan ( April 5, Salzburg, Anif, 1908 — July 16, 1989), Heribert Ritter von Karajan and actually since the abolition of the nobility in Austria Heribert Karajan, was an Austrian conductor, one of the most prominent post-war musicians. Von Karajan conducted the Berlin Philharmonic for many years.
Von Karajan was Salzburg in the Austrian born in a family that originally came from the Aromanian Greek Ioannina came. He studied from 1916 to 1926 at the Mozarteum in Salzburg, where he was encouraged to conducting.
Birthplace in Salzburg
Herbert von Karajan was born in a northern Greek province originally from the Macedonia -born family Karajannis (or Karajoannes) ofGreek and Aromanian origin. He was the great-great-great-grandson of bet the merchant Georg Johannes Karajan, actually Georgios Karajannis, owner of a plot of land in Chemnitz, and the great-grandson of Theodor von Karajan. Georg Demeter Karajan was with his wife and his sons and Theodor 1 June 1792 by the Saxon elector Friedrich August II ennobled. Herbert von Karajans father worked as a surgeon in Salzburg.Herbert von Karajan conducting, 1941
In 1933 , he made his debut at the Salzburg Festival, when he took the music from the "Walpurgisnachtszene" from Faust, produced by Max Reinhardt, conducting. The following year he conducted, also in Salzburg, the Vienna Philharmonicfor the first time. Two months after Adolf Hitler gained power in Germany, on 8 april 1933, he became a member of the NSDAP.
In 1937 Karajan made his debut with the Berlin Philharmonic and the Berlin State Opera in Fidelio by Beethoven. He enjoyed much success in 1938 in Berlin with Tristan and Isolde by Richard Wagner. He got a contract of the Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft, for whom his first recording a performance of the Overture from Die Zauberflöte with the Staatskapelle Berlin .
In 1944 he was by Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels on the Gottbegnadeten-Liste , a list of the most important artists of the Third Reich 1.041. People on this list were exempt from service in the army.
Von Karajan gave his first post-war concert in 1946 with the Vienna Philharmonic in Vienna, but he was further action as a result of his membership in the nazi party banned by the Russian occupiers. That summer he took anonymous part in the Salzburg Festival and the following year he was allowed to occur again.
In 1948 he became Music Director of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna. Also, he performed with the London Philharmonic Orchestra and directed to La Scala in Milan. He was also of great significance to the Vienna Symphony in the after-in a war (1946-53) again one of the best Austrian orchestras.
In 1955 , he was appointed Music Director for life of the Berlin Philharmonic as successor to Wilhelm Furtwängler. From 1957 to 1964 he was the artistic director of the Vienna State Opera. He was closely involved in the Vienna Philharmonic, the London Philharmonic Orchestra and La Scala in Milan. In Salzburg he was Artistic Director of the Salzburg Festival (1960-1989), and founder and leader of the Easter festival and the Pentecost festival.
Until his death in 1989 he conducted much and he also made many recordings, especially for cd in later years. Many symphonies of the classical repertoire has included four or five times, Von Karajan because he wanted to make use of the ever innovative registration capabilities. He also left many of its concerts sign up for film, television and video.
Von Karajan is often in music circles as one of the most prominent performing musicians of the 20th century . The attention to his performances for the sound beauty on. he conducted a particularly wide repertoire.He had particularly great affinity with the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Richard Strauss, Anton Bruckner and Jean Sibelius. Von Karajan ventured on the late symphonies of Gustav Mahler and the works of the Second Viennese School. In the field of opera he excelled in the works of Richard Wagner, Richard Strauss, Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini.
The year 2008 was marked by his 100th birthday and was celebrated with special dedicated concerts and special cd editions of his famous recordings.
- Das Reichsorchester, which Berlin Philharmonic und der Nationalsozialismus. By Mischa Aster. Publisher Siedler Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-88680-876-2.
- Annals of the Netherlands Opera companies in 1886-1995, Amsterdam, the Netherlands Theatre Institute, 1996 Edition. 1276 p., ISBN 978-9-070-89232-6
- Jürg Stenzl (Hrsg.): Herbert von Karajan. DerGeschichte der musikalischen Light Conductor im einer Interpretation, Pustet, Salzburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-7025-0583-7
- Eleonore Büning: Karajan, Conductor. Ein Interpret wird besichtigt, Insel, Frankfurt am Main 2008, ISBN 978-3-458-35027-9.
- Eliette von Karajan: Mein Leben an seiner Seite, Ullstein, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-550-08722-6.
- Peter Uehling: Karajan. Eine Biographie, Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 2006, ISBN 3-498-06884-9.
- Annemarie Kleinert: Berliner Philharmoniker von Karajan bis Rattle, Jaron, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-89773-131-2.
- Richard Osborne: Herbert von Karajan. Leben und Musik, Zsolnay, Wien 2002, ISBN 3-552-05171-6. dtv, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-423-34477-7.
- Michelangelo Zurletti: La direzione d'orchestra direttori di ieri e di oggi: grandi, Firenze: Ricordi, 2000. ISBN 978-8-809-01730-6
- Paul e. Bierley, William h. Rehrig: The heritage encyclopedia of band music: composers and their music, Westerville, Ohio: Integrity Press, 1991, ISBN 0-918048-08-7
- Leonardo Pinzauti: Variazioni su un tema: ritratti di musicisti dal vivo e a memoria, Florence: Passigli Editori, 1991, 151 p.
- Wolfgang Stresemann: "Ein seltsamer Mann..." Erinnerungen an Herbert von Karajan Ullstein, Berlin: Ullstein, 1991. Neuauflage: List, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-548-60827-3
- Wolfgang Stresemann: ... Abends Und Erinnerungen an große Conductors in that Philharmonie, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Wien: Ullstein 1985. 279 p.
- André Tubeuf: Le Festival de Salzbourg, Paris: Sand, 1989. 235 p. ISBN 978-2-710-70437-9
- Alain Pâris: Dictionnaire des interprètes et de l ' interprétation musicale au XXe siècle, Paris: Robert Laffont, 1989. 906 p., ISBN 2-221-50323-6
- Roger Vaughan: Herbert von Karajan. Ein biographisches Porträt, Berlin: Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main 1986. 350 S.
- Hans-Jakob Kaldi: Herbert von Karajan: der Magier mit dem Taktstock, Droemersche Verlagsanstalt Knaur, Munich: 1986. 201 p.
- Enzo Valenti Ferro: Los directores: Teatro Colon 1908-1984, Buenos Aires: Ediciones de Arte Gaglianone, 1985, 406 p.
- Ernst Haeusserman: Herbert von Karajan-eine Biographie, München: Goldmann; Mainz: Schott 1983. 315 p., ISBN 3-442-33100-5
- Robert C. Bachmann: Karajan. Anmerkungen zu einer Karriere, Econ, Düsseldorf-Wien 1983, ISBN 3-430-11109-9
- Paul Robinson: Herbert von Karajan, Rüschlikon: Müller, 1981. 256 p.