"Hurricane" is a protest song by Bob Dylan. He wrote the folk rock number in collaboration with Jacques Levy and took it from July to October 1975 on. "Hurricane" is about the questionable way condemned African American Boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, who also is depicted on the cover of the single. The song was released as a single in november 1975 by Columbia Records in January 1976, and served it as opening song of Desire, the seventeenth studio album by Dylan.  the production lay in the hands of Don DeVito, who also the albums Hard Rain (1976) and Street-Legal (1978) produced. 
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Carter was in 1967 along with John Artis to three life sentences convicted of complicity to triple murder. In the early morning of June 17, 1966, in a café, called ' Lafayette Grill ', in Paterson (New Jersey), a total of five people shot at. Bartender Jim Oliver and Jim Ropars and Fred Nauyoks died, but Hazel Tanis and Bill Marins survived the violence.  Marins, also called William Marins called, was hit in the head and lost an eye as a result. When he continued performing live in the hospital was Carter inflicted to him. According to Dylan he would have stated that Carter was not the offender: "The wounded man looks up through his one dyin ' eye. Wha'd Says, "you bring him in here for? He ain't the guy! "" (Dutch: the wounded man looked on by his dying eye.Saying, "why have you brought him here? He is not the guy! "").
One of the main witnesses was Patricia Graham Valentine, who lived across from the café. On 10 May 1967 she took during a court hearing report of her experiences. They would be awakened by a few loud bangs, which they described as "slamming the café doors". Another important witness was Alfred Bello. He would have heard the shots when he ran towards the bar to buy cigarettes.  In the song text is accused along with Arthur Dexter Bradley Bello checkout to have plundered.
After Bello and Bradley in september 1974 confessed to have committed perjury , the process was reopened.  Dylan is to write "Hurricane" inspired by reading the autobiography of Rubin Carter, The Sixteenth Round. Carter had sent him "because of Dylan's earlier involvement in the African American civil rights movement".  In 1975 Dylan Carter visited in prison.  After this encounter, he began writing the song.  at the time of the Rolling Thunder Revue, a series of concerts where among others Joan Baez and Roberta Flack were part of, two benefit concerts for Carter.  Although these performances, with the name Nights of the Hurricane, no money for operation by the high cost of round, maintained comparatively much publicity.  In 1976 followed a retrial in which Carter was found guilty again.
Carter has always denied all the blame. He is, just like Dylan, believe that his convictions came out of the racist attitude of the authorities.  The jury consisted entirely of whites at the time of the first sentence: "TheD.A. said he was the one who did the did. And the all-white jury agreed ". Dylan in the song made frequent use of exaggeration, making his story on some points differs from the reality. Patty Valentine complained to him in 1983 for defamation , privacy violationand unlawful publication of her name. They felt that they in the song text was presented as if they participated in a conspiracy with Bello and Bradley, but she was in the unsuccessful.
In 1985 was still Haddon Lee Sarokinreleased after Carter, judge at the Federal Court of New Jersey, in november ruled that there had been an unfair judicial process.  Sarokin said about the convictions the following: "Based on racism rather than reason and concealment rather than disclosure". (Dutch: "more based on racism than rationality and more on secrecy than public disclosure"). Three years later, this decision in appeal maintained. 
Five years later, Carter Innocence International , an organization dedicated to unjustly convicts and other victims of judicial errors.
The list below is incomplete.
- Bob Dylan - vocals, guitar
- Scarlet Rivera - Viola
- Vinnie Bell - 12-string guitar
- Ronee Blakley - backing vocals
- Steve Soles – backing vocals
- Luther Rix - conga
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in the Radio 2 Top 2000
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