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Jakob (or Jacob) Arcadelt, also called Jacques Arcadelt, Jachet Arkadelt, Hercadelt, Archadelt, Arcadet, Arcadente and James Flandrus in the papal accounts (probably Liège, 1504, 1505 or 1506 -probably Paris, 4 October 1568 or 1575) was aFranco-Flemish renaissance-from theFranco-Flemish School. He mainly composed madrigals and chansons.
Little is known about his youth years. Perhaps he grew up in the Southern Netherlands. In 1535 he would have moved to Florence , where he toonzette texts of Lorenzo de ' Medici . About1536 he switched in Florence for Rome ; on the cause is not known. He was member of the Capella Giulia. In 1539 he was appointed "Abbas" and "magister puerorum" (= "leader of the boys ' choir") to the Sistine Chapel. In 1540 Pope Paul III established him as "Magister capellae" (= "singer and Kapellmeister") of the Sistine Chapel, the Papal private chapel. In that period he gave four parts of a series of six books with four-part madrigals. He certainly worked to the papal chapel until 1551 (interrupted by spending several years in France due to health reasons). Maybe he moved about 1555 1553 or permanently to France, where he remained for the rest of his life. Arcadelt disappears anyway from the books of the Vatican; Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is its successor to the Sistine Chapel. His numerous chansons date from this and the following years seem to confirm a move to France. In any case, in 1557 carries Arcadelt are Edition with miss out on to Charles de Guise, Cardinal of Lorraine, in whose Parisian Court he had come as "Kapellmeister" in service. About what happened to him happened after 1557 nothing is well-known.He is perhaps in France died, according to some sources in 1568 and 1575, as according to other in prosperous, respected musician.
The "Musica Reservata" pursued perfection after. A commitment that listens to the most rigorous and clear laws, which particularly inventive manner and knew perfectly Arcadelt to maintain. He set texts by Lorenzo de ' Medici, Boccaccio, Petrarch, Bembo and Michelangelo on music. He also converts canzones, love poems and sonnets, light-hearted material on music. He internalized the secular compositional style of the Italians and connected those with the clergyman of the Dutch -Flemish composers of his homeland. As the heir of Josquin Desprez and as a predecessor of da Palestrina he expressed his mark on a new Italian-Dutch style, which still managed to arouse the interest of hundred years new generations of composers. His works remained a leader in the music education until the time of Bach.
Arcadelts style is refined, pure, melodious and simple. His chansons, motets and madrigals Missmany-fold, appear in print in the course of the 16th century in Roman, Venetian and Paris Collections. From 1654 was the last known reprint (there appear some forty) is his first book of madrigals, which is exceptional for that time and speaks for Arcadelts long by working reputation.Further proof of his popularity is the frequency with which anonymous compositions were attributed to him. Probably was his popularity due to his gift the Italian spirit to conceive and to reconcile with the technical plane of being, drive the Dutch harmonic and polyphonic style, but he also called real singalong wrote.
His most famous Madrigal Il bianco e dolce cigno is "" (= "the white and sweet Swan"), that it is noteworthy because of his clear phrasing, the wise use of repetition and the exceptional singable character. The style of this Madrigal influenced a next generation madrigalisten, including Palestrina.
It occasionally attributed to Arcadelt "Ave Maria" was actually not by him, but by a French organist composed. Franz Liszt, who in the view wrong that it is a work of the master concerned, composed, setting out from this piece, an organ fantasy. Arcadelt gave about 24 motets, three books with more than 200 missing, 126 French chansons and madrigals from.
- 1539 Primo Libro di madrigali a 4 voci, Venezia (some forty reissues to 1654).
- 1539 Secondo Libro di madrigali a 4 voci, s.l.
- 1539 Terzo Libro de i madrigali novissimi a 4 voci insieme con alchuni di Constantio Festa, et altri dieci bellissimi a voci mudade, Venezia.
- 1539 Quarto Libro di madrigali a 4 voci ultimamente insieme con alcuni altri composti madrigali the authorities, Venezia.
- From about 1540 was a handwriting with motets by Arcadelt, which is kept in the Vatican Library.
- 1542 Primo libro di madrigali a 3 voci, insieme alcuni di Costanzo Festa con la dodese di canzoni francese gionta & sei motetti novissimi, Venezia.
- 1544 Quinto Libro di madrigali a 4 voci (...), Venezia, Antonio Gardano.
- 1545 Primo Libro dei mottetti a 4 voci, Venezia.
- Gustave Reese, Music in the Renaissance. New York, W.W. Norton & co., 1954. ISBN 0-393-09530-4
- The Concise Edition of Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 8th ed. Revised by Nicolas Slonimsky. New York, Schirmer Books, 1993. ISBN 0-02- -872416 X
- Mp3 Il Bianco e Dolce Cigno -Cantata singers-Ottawa (Canada)
- Lo canterei d'Amor -Cyprien DAS, Andrea Gabrieli, Jacques Arcadelt, Varios- Paolo Pandolfo con el Ensemble di viole Labyrinto -Harmonia Mundi HMC 905234-1996-58: 31 min.
- Ronsard et les Neerlandais -Roland de Lassus, Jacques Arcadelt, Jean de Castro, Jan Peters son Sweelinck- Egidius Quartet-Maria Luz Álvarez ETCETERA KTC1254-2001-51: 45 min.
- Songs from Renaissance Gardens -Clement Janequin, Costanzo Festa, Jacques Arcadelt, Josquin Des Pres, Nicolas Vallet, Luca Marenzio- Kveta Ciznerová-Musica Fresca -79804 Divox CDX-1997-66: 34 min