Jambalaya (On the Bayou) is the title of a country song , written by Hank Williams , who scored a big hit with it in 1952. The title refers to the Creole and Cajun rice dishjambalaya . The melody borrowed from Williams to a French-speaking Cajun song, "Grand Texas", 1948 the Group's Cajun Chuck Guillory & The Rhythm Boys, with vocals by "Papa" Cairo. Williams made it a country with a number of new English text, peppered with references to the Cajun culture in Louisiana Cajun dishes including crawfish pie and file gumbo . To some sources claim was Moon Mullican -word (co) wrote, but Williams was on the record listed as sole author  .
Hank Williams recorded the song on June 13, 1952 in Nashville on. The single, MGM Records K11283, arrived on July 19 and quickly became a big hit. The B-side was the song "Window Shopping". On September 6, the single reached the top of Billboard's Top C & W Songs, and stood there for 14 weeks. The song also became a crossover hit, it climbed to number 20 in the pop charts of Billboard. Williams had already released seven albums that were sold more than a million times; "Jambalaya" was his eighth million seller .
The Carpenters released their version in 1973 on the album Now and Then . Outside the United States, it was released as a single. It was one of their biggest hits; in 1974 it reached number 3 in the Dutch Top 40 .