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Jaroslav Ježek

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Jaroslav Ježek (Prague25 september 1906 – 1 January New York1942) was a Czech composerpianist , conductorand dramaturg.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 early life

Life Course[Edit]Edit

Ježek was already in young age. On 3-year-old age he became to the right eye and the left eye blind since birth he had cataracts. He was deaf by scarlet fever. He studied at the Prague Conservatory, includingKarel Boleslav Jirák at composition (1891-1972) until 1927. He studied in the master classes of Josef Suk and Alois Hába and further studies for piano at Šímy Albína. He then went on to also briefly in Paris.

His name is permanently connected to the Liberated Theatre (Osvobozené divadlo) in Prague. His compositions on texts by Jan Werich and Jiří Voskovec were a fixed part of the program of the revue-like performances in this theatre. This kind of theatre is very popular so far in the entire Czech Republic. As an employee of a theatre company, he relocated to Vienna, he emigrated on January 8, 1939 together with Werich and Voskovec to the United States. He died on January 1, 1942 in the Cornell Hospital due to a serious illness.

Style[Edit]Edit

Ježek is a composer between popular music and modern music. As a representative of the avant-garde, he is little known. He wrote around 30 works, which him like Ervín Schulhoff and Pavel Haas characterize as typical representative of the Czech modern music. But his greatest fame he acquired in the field of jazz music and modern Czech dances such as "svět British Royal Air Force", "Hej rup", "strašlivá", "Píseň o Nebe after zemi Golemovi Šaty dělaj člověka", "", "you", "Život ve Klobouk křoví jen náhoda Babička", "Mary" ... and above all its "Bugatti step". He wrote around 30 plays between 1928 to 1938 for the Liberated Theatre (Osvobozené divadlo) for which he as composer, arranger, Music Director, pianist and playwright in a person was working.

He work also known as a composer of film music.

Compositions[Edit]Edit

Works for Orchestra[Edit]Edit

  • 1927 Concert for piano and Orchestra
  • 1928 Nerves, suite from the ballet
  • Fantazie 1930 , for piano and Orchestra
  • 1930 Mé vlasti, for piano and Orchestra
  • Symfonická báseň 1936
  • Jeppe s kopečku
  • Písně, for piano and Orchestra
  • Karnevalu Pochod Umělecké besedy, mars
  • Směs

Works for wind Orchestra[Edit]Edit

  • 1930 Concert, for violin and wind Orchestra

Stage Work[Edit]Edit

  • Svatebcane after Eifelce 1927
  • Pojisteni proti sebevrazde 1927
  • Kamarad Ctvrtek 1927
  • Jeppe s kopecku 1927
  • 1929 Malborough do boje Ejaz
  • Giovanni a Anabella 1930
  • 1936 Jezero Ukereve
  • Timon athensky 1936
  • 1937 Pani Studanka
  • 1937 Don Juan
  • Zpivajici Benatky

more than 20 works for the Liberated Theatre (Osvobozené divadlo)

Works for choir[Edit]Edit

  • Nervy1929 for a small women's choir and Orchestra
  • Svět patří nám, for mixed choir and Orchestra

Vocal music[Edit]Edit

  • 1928-1938 Písničky, extract of 35 songs from the Liberated Theatre (Osvobozené divadlo) in Prague for solo voice and piano
  • Tři písně (three songs), for solo voice and Chamber Orchestra
  • Ještě několik melodií, for solo voice and piano
  • Smát se má právo Wascoloratura roller about "Svět za mřížemi" for soprano and Orchestra
  • Písničky o Čtveráku Pierotovi, for solo voice and piano-text: Fr. Halas
  • Šest písní, for solo voice and piano

Chamber Music[Edit]Edit

  • 1929 Serenade, for winds Quartet
  • 1932 String Quartet No. 1
  • Sonáta 1933 , for violin and piano
  • 1941 String Quartet No. 2

Works for piano[Edit]Edit

  • Suitu1927 for quartz show-piano
  • 1928 Sonatina
  • 1928 Petite Suite (little Suite)
  • 1931 Polonéza from the revue "Golem"
  • 1932 Capriccio
  • 1933 Due bagatelle
  • 1938 Rhapsodie
  • 1939 Toccata
  • 1939 Grand Valse Brillante
  • 1941 Sonata
  • Balety
  • Bugatti Step
  • Býčí zápasy, paso doble for piano
  • Dvě skladby z Malé suity (two pieces from the "little Suite"), for piano
    1. Intermezzo
    2. Oh, girls!

Film Music[Edit]Edit

  • 1931 They soboty na neděli
  • Pudr a benzin 1931
  • Peníze nebo život 1932
  • 1934 Hej rup!
  • U nás v Kocourkově 1934
  • Svět patří nám 1937

Bibliography[Edit]Edit

  • Michael Beckerman: The Dark Blue Exile or Jaroslav Jezek, Music & politics 2 (Summer 2008) The Dark Blue Exile or Jaroslav Jezek
  • Katerina Hnatova: Jaroslav Jezek: co-creator of the Czech inter-war modern movement, in: Jaroslav Jezek: co-creator of the Czech inter-war modern movement, in: Czech Music, Jan, 2007
  • Mojmir Sobotka: Ježek, Jaroslav Cesky hudebni slovnik osob a instituci, ", February 2007 [1] (February 23, 2007)
  • František Cinger: Yaroslava Šťastné aneb z deníku Ježka blues, Praha: BVD, 2006.
  • Walter Pass, Gerhard Scheit, Wilhelm Svoboda: Liste Österreichischer Musikerinnen und Musiker im Exil keinen oder mit wenigen weiteren Lebensdatum, in: Orpheus im Exil-Vertreibung der Österreichischen Musik von 1938 bis Which 1945, Wien: Verlag für Gesellschaftskritik, 1995, 409 p., ISBN 978-3-851-15200-5
  • Hanns-Werner Heister, Walter-Wolfgang Sparrer: Composers der Gegenwart, Edition Text & Kritik, Munich, 1992, ISBN 978-3-88377-930-0
  • Antonín Matzner, Wasserberger Ivan Poledňák, Igo: moderní jmenná Část populární hudby jazzu Encyklopedie a-Československá scéna-, Supraphon, Praha, 1990
  • Josef Kotek: Yaroslava Jeaka jazzova zmrtvychvstani (Jazz-Auferstehung von Jaroslav Ježek), melody. 20 (1982), s. 65-67.
  • Václav Holzknecht: Jaroslav Ježek, Praha: Horizont 1982. 176 S.
  • Václav Holzknecht: Glosa o Jezkovi. (Bemerkungen uber Jaroslav Ježek) Hudebni rozhledy,. 29 (1976), s. 567-568.
  • Václav Holzknecht: Jeakova komorni hudba. (Jaroslav Ježeks Kammermusik), G-70. 6 (1970), no. 6, s. 6.
  • Václav Jaroslav Ježek a Osvobozené divadloHolzknecht:, Praha: SNKLHU, 1957. 419 S.
  • Václav Holzknecht: Yaroslava Ježvka Pisnev. (Which Lieder von Jaroslav Ježek) Hudebni rozhledy,. 8 (1955), s. 734-736.
  • Trojanová Jaromíra: Jaroslav Ježek: z díla fondů soupis SVK, With an introduction by Olga Jiranova. Brno: SVK, 1981.
  • Lubomir Doruzka: Jaroslav Ježek-ceskeho zaltladatel jazzu?-(Jaroslav Ježek-der Gründer des tschechischen Jazz?), melody. 14 (1976), s. 272-274.
  • Jan Ježek Jaroslav Neznamy Knob:. [Jaroslav Ježek Unbekannter), G 66. 2 (1966), no. 10, s. 1, 4.
  • Čeněk Gardavský: Contemporary Czechoslovak composers, Prague: Panton, 1965. 565 p.
  • Československý hudební slovník osob a institucíStátní hudební vydavatelství, Praha:: 1963, 1965
  • Vladimir Stepanek, Bohumil Karasek: An outline or Czech and Slovak music-Part I: Czech music, Prague: Orbis, 1960, 145 p.
  • Jan Löwenbach: Czechoslovak Composers and Musicians in America, in: Musical Quarterly, 3 (1943): 324-326.
  • Jan Löwenbach: Jaroslav Ježek. Pokus o vyklad skladatelskeho typu. "in: Jaroslav Jezek. New York: debru Newyorsky, 1942. Pp. 9-25.

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