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John Philip Sousa

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John Philip Sousa or the John Philip Sousa (Washington, D.C.november 6, 1854 — Reading (Pennsylvania), 6 March 1932), also known as The March King, is probably the best known conductortrombonist and composer in the history of the marching music. Sousa's name lives on in thesousaphone.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 early life

Life Course[Edit]Edit

Sousa was born as the third of ten children of the couple John Antonio Sousa (born in Spain from Portuguese parents) and Maria Elisabeth Trinkhaus (born in Bavaria). John Philips father was trombonist in the "The President's Own" United States Marine Band in Washington, D.C.. He grew up surrounded by military music. At the age of six he was given lessons for voice, violin, piano, flute, cornet, baritone/Euphonium, trombone and althoorn.

At the age of 13 his father placed him as instrumentalist in the United States Marine Band "The President's Own". In 1872 he published his first composition, Moonlight on the Potomac Waltzes. In 1875 he stopped with his work at the Marines and now played violin in several orchestras, which he also conducted. He conducted the operetta by Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan William Schwenck Gilbert and Her Majesty's Ship (HMS) Pinafore in a theatre on Broadway.

On 30 december 1879 , he married Jane van Middlesworth Bellis, which he at the rehearsals in February of the same year had met.

In 1880 he went to Washington D.C. and became conductor of the United States Marine Band "The President's Own". He remains conductor of this prestigious military Orchestra until 1892, during the Government of the U.s. Presidents Rutherford b. HayesJames GarfieldGrover ClevelandChester a. Arthur and Benjamin Harrison. After two successful concert tours in 1891 and 1892 he decided to set up its own civilian concert band and organize.

The first concert of this first Sousa's New Marine Band took place on 26 september 1892 in the Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, New Jersey. To this band were 19 members of the Orchestra ofPatrick Gilmore, who two days before in St. Louis was dead, switched. Among these members was also the solocornettist Herbert l. Clarke and saxophonist e. a. Laine.

In 1882 went his first operetta premiered The Smugglers. In 1896 he composed the American mars The Stars and Stripes Forever. In 1900 and 1901 followed very successful concert tours throughout Europe, and also in 1905 he was in Europe on tour. In 1910 he made even a world tour: New York CityUnited KingdomCanary IslandsSouth AfricaAustraliaNew ZealandFiji,Hawaii and Canada.

To better promote the European tour of Sousa, his agent spread the rumor that Sousa an emigrant from the respective host country would be. The name Sousa would come from the abbreviation s. o. USA on his suitcase during the emigration. Of these, the first two letters for his name (in Germany, for example, "Sigmund Ochs"), followed by the abbreviation of the country of destination. The rumor is, although incorrect, still widespread. [1]

In the time after the first world war he went back with his band on tour. In this time he was also showered with many honors and awards. He is very in for the copyright. He died In 1932 during a rehearsal with the Ringgold Band in Reading (Pennsylvania).

Compositions[Edit]Edit

Works for wind Orchestra[Edit]Edit

Marches[Edit]Edit

  • 1873 Review, op.5
  • 1873 Salutation (gone, he may (1880) was published as "Recognition March")
  • The Phoenix March 1875
  • Revival March 1876
  • 1876 The Honored Dead
  • 1877 Across the Danube, op. 36
  • Esprit de Corps 1878
  • 1879 Globe and Eagle
  • 1879 On the Tramp
  • Resumption March 1879
  • 1880 Our Flirtation
  • Recognition March 1880
  • 1881 Guide Right
  • 1881 In Memoriam (Garfield's Funeral March)
  • President Garfield's Inauguration March 1881 , op. 131
  • 1881 Right Forward
  • 1881 Yorktown Centennial
  • 1882 Congress Hall
  • 1883 Bonnie Annie Laurie
  • 1883 Mother Goose
  • 1883 Pet of the Petticoats
  • 1883 Right-Left
  • Transit of Venus March 1883 [2]
  • 1884 The White Plume
  • Mikado March 1885
  • Mother Hubbard March 1885
  • 1885 Sound Off
  • 1885 Triumph of Time
  • 1886 The Gladiator
  • 1886 The Rifle Regiment
  • 1887 The Occidental
  • 1888 Ben Bolt
  • 1888 National Fencibles
  • 1888 Semper Fidelis[3]
  • 1888 The Crusader
  • The Picadore 1889
  • The Quilting Party March 1889
  • 1889 The Thunderer
  • 1889 The Washington Post March
  • Corcoran Cadets 1890
  • The High School Cadets 1890 [4]
  • 1890 The Loyal Legion
  • 1891-1892 Homeward Bound
  • The Wolverine March 1891
  • 1892 March of the Royal trumpets
  • 1892 On Parade (The Lion Tamer)
  • 1892 The Belle of Chicago
  • 1892 The Triton
  • 1893 The Liberty Bell
  • Manhattan Beach March 1893 [5]
  • 1893 The Beau Ideal
  • 1894 The Directorate
  • 1895 King Cotton [6]
  • 1896 The Stars and Stripes Forever
  • El Capitan 1896 , mars
  • The Bride Elect 1897 , mars
  • 1898 The Charlatan, mars
  • 1899 Hands Across the Sea
  • 1899 The Man Behind the Gun
  • 1900 Hail to the Spirit of Liberty
  • The Invincible Eagle 1901 [7]
  • 1901 The Pride of Pittsburgh (Homage to Pittsburgh)
  • Imperial Edward 1902
  • 1903 Jack Tar
  • 1904 The Diplomat
  • 1906 The Free Lance
  • 1907 Powhattan's Daughter
  • 1908 The Fairest of the Fair
  • 1909 The Glory of the Yankee Navy
  • 1910 The Federal
  • From Maine to Oregon 1913
  • 1914 Columbia's Pride
  • The Lambs ' March 1914
  • Pathfinder or Panama 1915 [8]
  • 1915 The New York Hippodrome
  • Boy Scouts of America 1916
  • 1916 America First
  • 1916 March of the Pan Americans
  • 1917 Liberty Loan
  • 1917 The Naval Reserve
  • 1917 The White Rose
  • U.S. Field Artillery 1917
  • 1917 Wisconsin Forward Forever
  • 1918 Anchor and Star
  • 1918 Flags of Freedom
  • 1918 Sabre and Spurs
  • 1918 Solid Men to the Front
  • The Chantyman's March 1918
  • 1918 The Volunteers
  • USAAC March 1918
  • Wedding March 1918
  • 1919 Bullets and Bayonets
  • 1919 The Golden Star
  • 1920 Comrades of the Legion
  • 1920 On the Campus
  • 1920 Who's Who in Navy Blue
  • 1921 Keeping Step with the Union
  • 1922 The Dauntless Battalion
  • The Gallant Seventh 1922 [9]
  • 1923 March of the Mitten Men (Power and Glory)
  • 1923 Nobles of the Mystic Shrine
  • 1924 Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company
  • Marquette University March 1924
  • 1924 The Black Horse Troop
  • 1925 The National Game
  • 1925-1926 Universal Peace
  • Old Ironsides 1926
  • 1926 Sesqui-Centennial Exposition March
  • 1926 The Gridiron Club
  • 1926 The Pride of The Wolverines
  • 1927 Magna Charta
  • 1927 Riders for the Flag
  • 1927 The Atlantic City Pageant
  • 1927 The Minnesota March
  • 1928 Golden Jubilee
  • New Mexico 1928
  • 1928 Prince Charming
  • 1928 University of Nebraska
  • Daughters of Texas 1929
  • 1929 Foshay Tower Washington Memorial
  • 1929 La Flor de Sevilla
  • 1929 The Royal Welch Fusiliers (No.1)
  • 1929 University of Illinois
  • 1930 George Washington Bicentennial
  • Harmonica Wizard 1930
  • The Legionaires 1930
  • 1930 The Royal Welch Fusiliers (No.2)
  • 1930 The Salvation Army
  • 1930-1931 The Wildcats (Salute to Kansas)
  • Untitled march 1930
  • 1931 A Century of Progress
  • 1931 Kansas Wildcats
  • 1931 The Aviators
  • 1931 The Circumnavigators Club
  • 1931 The Northern Pines
  • Library of Congress 1932
  • March, "Who's Who in Navy Blue" [10]

Overtures[Edit]Edit

  • 1877 Rivals
  • 1886 Tally-Ho!
  • 1886 Vautour (Sans Souci)
  • The Lambs Gambol " 1914

Instrumental solos[Edit]Edit

  • 1879 La Reine d'Amour, for cornet and band
  • 1885 Belle Mahone, for saxophone and wind Orchestra

Suites[Edit]Edit

  • 1893 The Last Days of Pompeii
    1. In the House of Burbo and Stratonice
    2. Nydia (Nydia the Blind Girl)
    3. The Destruction (The Destruction of Pompeii and Nydia's Death)
  • 1895 Three Quotations
    1. The King of France with Twenty-Thousand men/Marched up the hill, and then down again.
    2. I, Too, Was Born in Arcadia
    3. In Darkest Africa
  • 1902 Looking Upward
    1. By the Light of the Polar Star [11]
    2. Beneath the Southern Cross [12]
    3. Mars and Venus [13]
  • 1904 At the King's Court
    1. Her Ladyship, the Countess
    2. Her Grace, the Duchess
    3. Her Majesty, the Queen
  • 1909 People Who Live in Glass Houses
  • 1910 Dwellers of the Western World
    1. The Red Man
    2. The White Man
    3. The Black Man
  • 1911 Tales of a Traveler
    1. The Kaffir on the Karoo
    2. In the Land of the Golden Fleece
    3. Grand Promenade at the White House (also known as: "New year's Reception at the White House", "Grand Festival March")
    4. Easter Monday on the White House Lawn (instead of: "Grand Promenade ..." in 1928)
  • 1920 Camera Studies
  • 1922 Impressions at the Movies
    1. The Serenaders
    2. The Crafty Villain and the Timid Maid
    3. Balance All and Swing Partners
  • 1922 Leaves from My Notebook
    1. The Genial Hostess
    2. The Campfire Girls
    3. The Lively Flapper
  • Cuba country 1925
    1. Under the Spanish Flag
    2. Under the American Flag
    3. Under the Cuban Flag

Other works[Edit]Edit

  • 1890 The Chariot Race
  • 1891 Sheridan's Ride
  • La Reine de la Mer, waltz [14]
  • Presidential Polonaise [15]

Music Theatre[Edit]Edit

Operettas[Edit]Edit

Completed in title acts Premiere libretto
1879 Katherine 3 acts Wilson S. Vance
1879-1882 The Smugglers 2 acts 1882Washington, D.C. Wilson s. Vance, to Francis c. Burnand, «The Contrabandista»
1881 Florine unfinished Mary A. Denison
1882-1883 Désirée 2 acts 1884, Washington, D.C. Edward m. Taber, to John m. Morton, «Our Wife»
1885 The Queen of Hearts; also known as: Royalty and Roguery 1 Act 1886Washington D.C. Edward W. Faber
1888 The Wolf 3 acts of the composer
1893 The Devil's Deputy unfinished J. Cheever Goodwin
1895 El Capitan 3 acts 20 april Tremont, Boston1896-Theatre Charles Klein and Tom Frost
1897 The Bride Elect 3 acts 1897New Haven (Connecticut) of the composer
1898 The Charlatan; also known as: The Mystical Miss 3 acts 1898Montreal Charles Small
1899 Chris and the Wonderful Lamp 3 acts 1899, New Haven (Connecticut) Glen MacDonough
1905 The Free Lance 2 acts 1906Springfield (Massachusetts) Harry B. Smith
1909 The American Maid; Since 1913: The Glass Blowers 3 acts 1913Rochester (New York) Leonard Liebling
1915 The Irish Dragoon 3 acts Joseph w. Herbert, Charles O'Malley to Charles Lever, «»
1915 The Victory unfinished Ella Wheeler Wilcox

Spectacle[Edit]Edit

  • 1875 The Phoenix, also: Bohemians and Detectives or John Bludso, incidental music-text: Milton Nobles

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