This opera contains four acts and is based on a comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais. It is a sequel to the Barber of Seville, another play by Beaumarchais. The play was banned in Vienna because it is too impudent and was threatening to the established order. It was in the period just before the French Revolution.
Despite the ban on the play Mozart decided to make an Opera buffa . Mozart worked on the opera Le nozze di Figaro between mid October 1785 and april 1786. This he did together with Lorenzo da Ponte, who wrote the libretto in 6 weeks, taking the text of the play in poetic Italian converted. In addition, Ponte alle removed political aspects. So was the speech of the Figaro against the heritability of nobility replaced by an angry aria directed against adulterous women. The cooperation between da Ponte and Mozart was continued at two other operas, Don Giovanni and Così fan tutte. The opera plays in Spain, but the text is in Italian.
The first performance in Vienna in the Altes Burgtheater was 1 may 1786. Mozart himself conducted the premiere, playing behind the keyboard. The opera lasts three and a half hours in its current form. At the first performance were repeated eight Arias, also because the audience was so enthusiastic. Joseph II found that it took too long and forbade later repeating portions of the operas.
From letters of Leopold Mozart, wolfgangs, father to his daughter turns out, that the script contained in a small ballet the performance while this was forbidden by Emperor Joseph II. Rosenberg, the Director of the opera house, therefore the relevant pages ripped from the libretto. During the dress rehearsal was the part with the ballet staged as a kind of pantomime in which the Orchestra didn't play and the players on the scene a little back and forth frisk as well. The Emperor, who unexpectedly visited the dress rehearsal, wondered where this on, but replied that he himself had intervened in the libretto. Perhaps this is the reason why the premiere of the opera was postponed from 28 april to 1 may 1786 1786.
The opera had a for that time naughty touch since the opening scene takes place in the future bedroom of Figaro and Susanna. At the time, it is especially disturbed to the criticism on the established class system and the aristocracy.
The Overture is often performed as a separate piece.
- Count Almaviva (baritone)
- Countess Almaviva (soprano)
- Susanna, Countess, Maid of the fiancé Figaro (soprano)
- Figaro, servant of the count, formerly Barber (bass/baritone)
- Cherubin, page of the count (soprano/mezzo-soprano)
- Marcellina, governess (mezzo-soprano/alt)
- Doctor Bartolo, doctor (bass)
- Don Basilio, music teacher (tenor)
- Don Curzio, judge (tenor)
- Barbarina, daughter of Antonio (soprano)
- Antonio, gardener (bass)
The opera takes place on one day in the Palace of Count Almaviva near Seville.
Figaro is the servant of the count and is getting married with Susanna, the locker star of the Countess. On their wedding day play is full of intrigue. The count has a crush on Susanna and although he as modern man the jus primae noctis refuses on moral grounds, he wants the old droit du seigneur (right of the Lord on the first night with the bride) secretly. This of course is dramatic for the loved ones who do everything they can in order to escape. The pubescent page Cherubino (played by a soprano) has a crush on all women, but especially on the Countess. The housekeeper Marcellina is in love with Figaro and wants him to keep his promise to marry her if he can not pay back a loan to her. The Countess is sad about the intended adultery of the count and wants to breathe new life into the love of her husband.
Eventually think of Figaro, Cherubino, the Countess and Susanna a trap to the count on his number and his plan to ' seduce ' to Susanna, a frustrated. This is of course not quite flawless but Dan eventually becomes, more or less as planned, in the dark Palace Garden seduced by his own wife disguised as Susanna; a disguise where also the deeply shocked Figaro initially controller so it thinks are Susanna yet with the count aanpapt.
And as with a cheerful opera hears it all is well that ends well. Figaro is there en passant behind who his parents are, his wedding with Susanna goes through, and the count sees itself forced, his wife to ask for forgiveness.
The young, irascible count and the all-knowing, small-town Barber Figaro were once friends. Thanks to the help of Figaro captured the count his beloved Rosina, who grew up an orphan in the home of her guardian, the doctor Bartolo. The count settled with his young wife on his estate near Seville and took Figaro in service. For Countess Rosina and Count Almaviva began the monotonous life of the rural aristocracy: hunting feasts, garden parties and hofintriges. Dan continued his sneaky adventures with his serfs, maids and women farmers. When he-perhaps for the first time in his life-at a love affair he is opposed, especially in his male vanity hurt. His plan to yet again claiming the right to the first night is not more than a weapon in the love fight and has no real political meaning. The count covets the handsome, smart Susanna, the new Chambermaid by his wife. This ' trophy ' is becoming regarded as desirable, because Susanna ignores him because she is in love with Figaro.
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|Le nozze di Figaro- Le nozze di Figaro Overture(download/info)|
- A part of the melody of the aria Non più andrai, farfallone amoroso was used in the folk song Jan Hinnerk French time.
- In the 1960s had the Cocktail Trio a hit with Cabrera ("I'm with my Catootje been to the opera"), a parody on Jan Hinnerk. In this parody was (very apparent) also another part from the same aria.
- The Overture was to 2012 by the tv channel Brava EN used during announcements of concerts and showing the programme directory between the broadcasts.