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List of compositions by George Gershwin

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This is a list of compositions by George Gershwin, thematically grouped, and ranked on chronology in each group.


[hide]*1 classical works

Classic works[Edit]Edit

Note: all orchestral and operatic works are orchestrated by Gershwin himself, unless otherwise stated.

  • Lullaby (1919)-a meditative piece for String Quartet. originally a command of his music theory teacher.
  • Blue Monday -eenacter-opera staged is in George White's Scandals of 1922 in the Globe Theatre, with conductor Paul Whiteman; the orchestration is by Will Vodery.
    • suite for piano with parts of Blue Monday was later created and recorded by pianist Alicia Amir.
    • Again orchestrated by Ferde Grofé and renamed to 135th Street in 1925 for a performance in Carnegie Hall.
  • Rhapsody in Blue (1924)-Gershwins most famous work, a symphonic jazz composition for Paul White mans jazz band & piano; It was first performed at the Aeolian HallNew York City. The work was partly known in the version for Symphony Orchestra and piano. Both versions were orchestrated by Ferde Grofé. Is used in various movies and commercials.
  • Short Story (1925)-for violin and piano, an arrangement of two other short works which originally along with the Three Preludes would be issued. Premiere by Samuel Dushkin in the University Club of New York in New York City.
  • Concerto in F (1925)-three movements, for piano and Orchestra, premiered in Carnegie Hall by the New York Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Walter Damrosch.
    • I. Allegro
    • II. Adagio-Andante con moto-Adagio
    • III. Allegro agitato
  • An American in Paris (1928)-a symphonic poem with jazz elements and Parisian Street sounds. Premiere in Carnegie Hall by the New York Philharmonic under the direction of Walter Damrosch.
  • Dream Sequence (1931)-muinuten A five minute interlude for Orchestra and choir, meant to someone to sketch that daydream. Also known as The Melting Pot. This is other than the theme music for Rhapsody in Rivets, which was later expanded and set in the Second Rhapsody. Other themes that Gershwin wrote for the film Delicious remained unused: Fox Film Corporation refused to use the rest of his score.
  • Second Rhapsody (1931)-for piano and Orchestra, based on a theme from the score for the film Delicious. The working title of this piece was Rhapsody in Rivets. Premiere was in Boston Symphony Hall by theBoston Symphony OrchestraSerge Koussevitzky led.
  • Cuban Overture (1932)-original title: Rumba, a symphonic poem with elements of Cuban dance-folk music. The score also writes any specific Cuban instruments. Premiere was in the Lewisohn Stadium of the City University of New York, with Gershwin conducting.
  • Overture with Strike Up the Band (1934)-the longest and most complex Overture which Gershwin wrote for a Broadway show. Several sections are polytonaal and atonal.
  • March from Strike Up the Band (1934)-a popular interlude from the musical from 1927.
  • Variations on "I Got Rhythm" (1934)-a set of variations on his famous song, for piano and Orchestra. Premiere in Boston Symphony Hall by the Leo Reisman Orchestra, conducted by Charles Previn.
    • Includes a waltz, an atonal Fugue, and experiments with Asian and jazz influences.
  • Porgy and Bess (1935)-an opera to the book by DuBose Heyward on the life of African Americans in the United States. This is seen as a typical American theatre work. Premiere at Boston's Colonial Theatre, under the direction of Alexander Smallens.
  • Catfish Row (1936)-a five-part suite, based on material from Porgy and Bess premiered before this opera.
    • I. Catfish Row
    • II. Porgy Sings
    • III. Fugue
    • IV. Hurricane
    • V Good Morning, Brother
  • Film Music at Shall We Dance (1937) -this was the first full film score which Gershwin made to orchestrate, apart from the film score for the film Delicious (film) which was almost entirely rejected by Fox Studios. In the extended score is 8 minutes extra orchestral music, based on the title song, in which Gershwin in the coda section explores new musical ideas.
    • Hoctor's Ballet, this piece used glissando's, quick swings of keys, and contains the most comprehensive harp music that Gershwin for harp wrote. Written for ballerina Harriet Hoctor.
    • Walking the Dog -a humorous Chamber Orchestra work with a leading role for clarinet and piano. In addition to Hoctor's Ballet , this is the only published material in print of the film Shall We Dance. This piece was originally called "Promenade."
    • Other purely orchestral pieces of the score, which remained unpublished, include:
      • Overture at Shall We Dance -an exciting part with urban music
      • Waltz of the Red Balloons -a waltz with unusual show types
      • Rehearsal Fragments
      • Rumba Sequence -completely different music than the Cuban Overture
      • (I've Got) beginner's Luck -dance, written to illustrate a scene in which Astaire exerts on a plate that lingers.
      • They Can't Take That Away from Me -a foxtrot, one of Gershwin's own favorite pieces.
      • Slap that Bass -a simple theme, with emphasis on rhythmic orchestral elements.
      • They All Laughed
      • Dance of the Waves -a barcarolle
      • Graceful and Elegant, a pas de deux
      • French Ballet Class -(for two pianos), a Gallop, of which only 20 seconds in the movie ended up.
      • Shall We Dance/Finals & Coda -technically a continuation of Hoctor's Ballet, but usually seen as a separate song.
      • Unknown Spanish Sequence -Gershwin composed a part that remained unused for the final after he had played for the Director. There exists only a short score of.
    • The score contains more than an hour music and is the longest orchestral work that Gershwin wrote. There are still some vocal pieces that are not mentioned here. These can be omitted at run time because the voices in the Orchestra instrumental are doubled. All other vocal and orkestale arrangements in the rest of the work of Gershwin, which he got assistance of orkestrators Robert Russell Bennett and Nat Shilkret sceneas the deadlines to be met in only. It is not known why none of these works were previously performed in concert halls.
  • Most musicals that Gershwin wrote are best known for their instrumental music, especially the overtures of many of his later musical compositions.

Solo works for piano[Edit]Edit

  • Tango (1915)-written when Gershwin was 15 years old.
  • Rialto Ripples (1917)-a ragtime.
  • Limehouse Nights -(date unknown, early work) a short ragtime.
  • Three-quarter Blues (1923)-also known as the Irish Waltz.
  • Prelude (unnumbered) (1923)-Rubato-this prelude would be published together with the 3 Preludes. It remained unpublished.
  • Novelette in Fourths (1924)-another bit that would be attached at the 3 Preludes. Parts of this are geherschikt and used as part of Short Story, a work for piano and violin.
  • Romantic (1925)-a brief piano fragment. Also known as Melody No. 55. Not published.
  • Melody No. 17 (1925 – 1926)-another piece of that would be spent at the 3 Preludes.
  • Three Preludes (1926)-for the first time by Gershwin himself performed in the Roosevelt Hotel in New York City.
    • I. Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
    • II. Andante con moto e poco rubato
    • III. Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
  • Swiss Miss (1926)-arrangement of a song from the musical Lady Be Good
  • Machinery Gone Mad (1927)-unpublished
  • Blue Monday (1927)-a piano suite based on the eenacter-opera of the same name.
  • Merry Andrew (1928)-arrangement of a dance from the musical Rosalie
  • Three-Note Waltz (1931)-also known as Melody No. 36. Unpublished.
  • Piano transcriptions of 8 songs (1932)
  • George Gershwin's Song-Book (1932)-arrangements for piano solo of 18 songs of Gershwin
    • The 1932 Edition contained original artwork by hardgebonden Constantin Alajalov for the 18 songs.
    • A 19th song (Mischa, Chris, Mickey, Sascha) was included with the first autographed 500 copies of the first edition in 1932.
  • For Lily Pons (1934)-Unpublished work, intended as an accompaniment to an unwritten opera solo.
  • French Ballet Class (1937)-for two pianos, unpublished music from the film score for Shall We Dance
  • Impromptu in Two Keys -posthumously published in 1973
  • Two Waltzes in C -posthumously published in 1975
    • This was originally a between game for two pianos in the Broadwaystuk Pardon My English.
  • Sleepless Night -unpublished
  • Sutton Place -unpublished (Melody No. 59)

Contributions to musical theatre[Edit]Edit

Note: this relates to Broadway musicals that went on, unless otherwise indicated.

Working with original Gershwincomposities in representations of other composers[Edit]Edit

  • 1916- The Passing Show of 1916 -"The Making of a Girl" (co-written with Sigmund Romberg, lyrics by Harold Atteridge); "My Runaway Girl" (lyrics by Murray Roth)
  • 1918- Hitchy-Koo or 1918 -"You-oo Just You" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1918- Ladies First -"The Real American Folk Song (is a Rag)" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin); "Some Wonderful Sort of Someone" (lyrics by Schuyler Greene)
  • 1918- Half-Past Eight -"there's Magic in the Air" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin); "The Ten Commandments of Love", "Cupid" and "Hong Kong" (text by Edward b. Perkins)
  • 1919- Good Morning, Judge -"I Was So Young (You Were So Beautiful)" (lyrics by Irving Caesar and Alfred Bryan); "There's More to the Kiss than the X-X-X" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1919- The Lady in Red -"Some Wonderful Sort of Someone" (lyrics by Schyler Greene); "Something about Love" (lyrics by Lou Paley)
  • 1919- Demi-Tasse Capitol Revue -"Come to the Moon" (lyrics by Lou Paley and Ned Wayburn); "Swanee" ( Irving Caesar 's text)
  • 1920- Dere Mabel -"we're Pals" (lyrics by Irving Caesar), first performed in Baltimore; "Back Home" and "I Don't Know Why (When I Dance with You)" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1920- Ed Wynn's Carnival -"Oo, How I Love You To Be Loved by You" (lyrics by Lou Paley)
  • 1920- The Sweetheart Shop -"Waiting for the Sun to Come Out" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1920- Sinbad -"Swanee" ( Irving Caesar's text). Implementation of Al Jolson
  • 1920- Broadway Brevities of 1920 -"Lu Lu" and "Snowflakes" (lyrics by Arthur Jackson); "Spanish Love" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1920- Piccadilly to Broadway (unpublished songs)
  • 1921- Blue Eyes (unpublished songs)
  • 1921- Selwyn's snapshots or 1921 -"On the Brim of Her old-fashioned Bonnet", "The Baby Blues" and "Futuristic Melody" (lyrics by e. Ray Goetz, unpublished songs)
  • 1921- The Perfect Fool -"My Log-Cabin Home" (lyrics by Irving Caesar and Buddy De Sylva); "No One Else but that Girl of Mine" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1922- The French Doll -"Do It Again" ( Buddy De Sylva 's text)
  • 1922- For Goodness Sake -"Someone" and "Tra-la-la" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1922- Spice or 1922 -"The Yankee Doodle Blues" (lyrics by Irving Caesar and Buddy De Sylva)
  • 1922- The Dancing Girl -"That American Boy of Mine" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1923- Little Miss Bluebeard ' -"I Won't Say I Will, But I Won't Say I Won't" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin and Buddy De Sylva)
  • 1923- Nifties of 1923 -"At Half-Past Seven" (lyrics by Buddy De Sylva); "Nashville Nightingale" (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1926- Americana -"That Lost Barber Shop Chord" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1930- Nine-Fifteen Revue -"Toddlin' Along" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1936- The Show Is On -"By Strauss" (lyrics by Ira Gershwin). Played again in 1937

Works in which Gershwins songs posthumously are used[Edit]Edit

  • 1953- At Home With Ethel Waters -"Oh, Lady be Good!"
  • 1956- Mr. Wonderful (musical)-starring: Sammy Davis Jr. — Liza, original from Showgirl
  • 1967- I Got Rhythm -a song by the pop singers group The Happenings
  • 1983- My One and Only -an adaptation of the music of Funny Face
  • 1986- Uptown...It's Hot! -"Oh, Lady be Good!"
  • 1992- Crazy for You - musical adapted by George and Ira Gershwins Tin Pan Alley and Broadway songs
    • Won the Tony Award for Best Musical "
  • 1999- The Gershwins ' Fascinating Rhythm - revue with songs by George and Ira Gershwin
  • 2001- George Gershwin Alone -solo performance for 1 player by Hershey Felder, who gives a portrait of Gershwin songs, in which the occurrence of "Swanee" from Sinbad (lyrics by Irving Caesar), "Embraceable You" from Girl Crazy (lyrics by Ira Gershwin), "Someone to Watch Over Me" from Oh, Kay! (lyrics by Ira Gershwin), "Bess, You is My Woman Now" from Porgy and Bess (lyrics by DuBose Heyward and Ira Gershwin), An American in Paris and Rhapsody in Blue .
  • 2002- Elaine Stritch at Liberty - But Not For Me
  • 2002- Back from Broadway -one-off version with songs by George Gershwin
  • ' Brian Wilson Reimagines Gershwin 2010- (album)-two incomplete works of Gershwin completed by Brian Wilson and 12 other imaginary Gershwinklassiekers

Various songs[Edit]Edit

  • 1916- When You Want 'em, You Can't Get 'em (When you've Got 'em, You Don't Want 'em) (lyrics by Murray Roth)
  • 1917- Beautiful Bird (lyrics by Ira Gershwin and Lou Paley)
  • 1917- When there's a Chance To Dance (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1918- Gush-Gush-cream pies (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1918- When the Armies Disband (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1918- Good Little Tune (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1919- The Love of a Wife (lyrics by Arthur Jackson and b. g. DeSylva)
  • 1919- O Land of Mine, America (text by Michael e. Rourke). Entry for a new national anthem, for the New York Americancompetition, with which to earn a grand prize of 5000 USD fell. Gershwin won the best rates of 50 USD.
  • 1920- Yan-Kee (lyrics by Irving Caesar)
  • 1921- Phoebe (lyrics by Ira Gershwin and Lou Paley)
  • 1921- Something Peculiar (lyrics by Ira Gershwin and Lou Paley)
  • 1921- Dixie Rose (lyrics by Irving Caesar and b. g. DeSylva)
  • 1921- In the Heart of a Geisha (lyrics by Fred Fisher)
  • 1921- Swanee Rose (lyrics by Irving Caesar and b. g. DeSylva)
  • 1921- Talukder (I'm Hot for You) (lyrics by b. g. DeSylva)
  • c. 1921- Molly-on-the-Shore (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • c. 1921- Mischa, Chris, Mickey, Sascha (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1922- The Flapper (co-written with William Daly, lyrics by b. g. DeSylva)
  • 1925- Harlem River Chanty and it's a great little world! (lyrics by Ira Gershwin, originally written for Tip-Toes on Broadway but not used)
  • 1925- Murderous Monty (and Light-Fingered Jane) (lyrics by Desmond Carter, written for the West End Theatre production Tell Me More in London.)
  • 1926- I'd rather charleston (lyrics by Desmond Carter, written for the West End Theatre production Lady Be Good in London.)
  • 1928- Beautiful gypsy and Rosalie (originally written for Rosalie on Broadway, but there not used)
  • 1929- Feeling Sentimental (originally written for Broadway Showgirl , but there not used)
  • 1929- Mandarin's In the Orchid Garden
  • 1932- you've got what gets me (written for the first version (1932) of the film Girl Crazy .
  • 1933- Till Then
  • 1936- King of Swing (lyrics by Al Stillman)
  • 1936- Strike Up the Band for you. C. L. (A) (on the same music as the song "Strike Up the Band")
  • 1937- Hi-Ho! (lyrics by Ira Gershwin, originally written for the film Shall We Dance, but not used)
  • 1938- Just Another Rhumba (lyrics by Ira Gershwin, originally written for The Goldwyn Follies, but not used)
  • 1938- Dawn of a New Day

Musical Movies[Edit]Edit

  • 1923- The Sunshine Trail -theme song with the same title (lyrics by Ira Gershwin), as well as the music for the silent film
  • 1931- Delicious (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1937- Shall We Dance (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1937- A Damsel in Distress (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
  • 1938- Goldwyn Follies (lyrics by Ira Gershwin)
    • Gershwin died during the filming. Vernon Duke completed and adapted Gerhwins songs, and still wrote some additional songs.
  • 1947- The Shocking Miss Pilgrim -(Kay Swift adapted a number of unpublished melodies of Gershwin and Ira Gershwin wrote the lyrics.)
  • 1951- An American In Paris -theme song with same title
  • 1964- Kiss Me, Stupid -adaptations of unpublished songs of Gershwin with lyrics by Ira Gershwin.

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