Maxwell Lemuel Roach (Max) (Newland, North Carolina1924 - January 10, New York CityAugust 16, 2007[1]) was an American jazzdrummer, who is considered one of the inventors of the bebop style within the jazz.

Roach is along with the drummers Art Blakey and Kenny Clarke considered one of the pioneers and inventors of bebop.


He began at the age of 8, playing flugelhorn in harmony music band isa. His mother, who sang in a gospel choir , encouraged him in his musical career and convinced him to play percussion .

At the age of sixteen he performed as a replacement in the orchestras of Duke Ellington and Count Basie. He taught in New York the other great stars of bebop, includingCharlie ParkerDizzy GillespieThelonious Monk and Kenny Clarke. He befriended Bud Powell and both made themselves the new jazz style master. When Kenny Clarke in 1943 in military service had to replaced him in the famous Orchestra of Charlie Parker Roach in Minton recommended s Playhouse.

Coleman Hawkins In 1945 offered him a first chance to a plate to record on the Apollo label, on the first version of "Would'n You". Later that year he takes with Parker and Gillespie recommended s on some famous theme, including "Billie's Bounce" and "now's The Time" and was also invited to take a place by Gillespie in the first big bandproject.

In 1949, he traveled with Charlie Parker to Europe to participate in the first jazz festival of Paris. In 1952, studied at the Conservatory of Roach Manhattan with a specialization in percussion and bassist Charles Mingus he founded the record label Debut on this label appeared on the plate of the historical "Massey Hall" concert in 1953. In May 1954 he founded the Brown-Roach- Clifford Brown quintet at that quickly grew into the one of the most important representatives of the so-calledhardbopstijl. Tragically in a car accident. Roach chose a trio with Sonny Rollins and George Morrow and later this group expanded into a new quintet.

In 1962 he took along with Duke Ellington and Charles Mingus on the plate "Money Jungle". from 1972 gave Roach taught at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst.Until 1976 he played with Archie SheppAnthony BraxtonCecil Taylor and Dollar Brand. From the beginning of the 80 's did a number of solo concerts and also Roach he experimented with different compositions, as with the "So What Brass Quintet" in which he was collaborating with only wind instruments.

Max Roach is considered one of the best solo and ensemble drummers in the history of bebop and modern jazz. He died at the age of 83 in his sleep. [1he was ill for a long time. [1]


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