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Renaud Pierre Manuel Séchan, known as Renaud (French: [ʁəno]; born 11 May 1952), is a popular French singer, songwriter and actor. His characteristically 'broken' voice makes for a very distinctive vocal style. Several of his songs are popular classics in France, including the sea tale "Dès que le vent soufflera", the irreverent "Laisse béton", the ballad "Morgane de toi" and the nostalgic "Mistral gagnant". However, with the exception of a recording of "Miss Maggie" in English and a franglais recording of It is not because you are, his work is almost unknown outside the French-speaking world.
Early work[edit source | edit]Edit
Fresh out of school, Renaud was determined to become an actor. By chance he met the actor Patrick Dewaere and was invited to join the company of the comedy theatre Café de la Gare, which had recently been founded by Patrick Dewaere, Coluche, and Miou-Miou.
His early work is characterized by a volatile temperament, innovative use of French, and edgy, dark, left-wing social and political themes. Raised in an educated milieu, the son of an intellectual, Renaud adopted the looks and attitude of working-class youth in the 1970s, and reflected this in his lyrics. A recurrent theme is his disgust for the average French people with petit-bourgeois preoccupations and right-wing leanings (see beauf). His music focuses on the disparity between classes, the abuse of political power, overbearing authority and disgust for the military, with rare glimpses of tenderness for his fellow humans, the planet earth, and art.
Middle period[edit source | edit]Edit
In the later 1980s and 1990s Renaud's work was distinguished by "softer" subjects such as his wife (later ex-wife) Dominique, his daughter Lolita and his friends, as well as the late comedian and singer Coluche for whom he wrote the tribute "Putain de camion" ("Bloody Lorry") after Coluche's death in a road accident. He has also ventured into regional music and language, such as the language of Marseille in La Belle de Mai, the north with Renaud cante el' Nord and even Corsican polyphonics in "Lolito lolita".
Resurgence[edit source | edit]Edit
After an unproductive period marked by alcohol addiction, he made a very significant comeback with his 2002 album Boucan d'enfer. That album's iconic hit was "Manhattan-Kaboul", a powerful duo with Axelle Red which tackled current issues by drawing a parallel between a victim of the 9-11 attacks in New York and an Afghan girl, both victims of a war they don't understand.
In 2009 Renaud released Molly Malone – Balade irlandaise his long awaited album of classic Irish balads. Produced by ex-Boomtown Rats bassist Pete Briquette, the album was commercially successful (certified double-platinum in just over a month) but the singer's feeble, often out-of-tune vocals caused some negative reviews.
Personal life[edit source | edit]Edit
Renaud's father Olivier Séchan was a prize-winning novelist and popular children's writer, born to a Protestant Languedoc family from the Cévennes and Montpellier. He taught German language in a secondary school of Paris. The director Edmond Séchan is his uncle. His grandfather was the famous scholar and Hellenist Louis Séchan, who taught in the Sorbonne. His ancestors were pastors. His mother is the daughter of a coal miner from the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region. Renaud dedicated part of his work to his familial roots, singing traditional songs in the regional picard language and acting in Germinal, a film based on the famous Émile Zola novel, in the part of Étienne Lantier.
In August 2005 Renaud married Romane Serda, the mother of his son Malone. In 2007, he announced to the press his intention to move his family to London, citing a love for British society and expressing disillusionment at the current state of France. In 2009 Renaud's daughter, writer Lolita Séchan, married French acoustic singer-songwriter Renan Luce.
In September 2011, Romane divorced Renaud on the account of his alcoholism problems.
Discography[edit source | edit]Edit
Studio albums[edit source | edit]Edit
- 1975: Amoureux de Paname (Polydor)
- 1977: Laisse béton (Polydor)
- 1979: Ma gonzesse (Polydor)
- 1980: Marche à l'ombre (Polydor)
- 1981: Le Retour de Gérard Lambert (Polydor)
- 1983: Morgane de toi (Polydor), sold over 1,500,000 copies
- 1985: Mistral gagnant (Virgin), selling over 2,000,000 copies it was Renaud's most successful album until 2002's Boucan d'enfer.
- 1988: Putain de camion (Virgin)
- 1991: Marchand de cailloux (Virgin)
- 1992: Renaud cante el' Nord (Virgin) – traditional folk songs from the north of France
- 1994: À la Belle de Mai (Virgin)
- 1996: Renaud chante Brassens (Virgin) – interpretation of songs by Georges Brassens
- 2002: Boucan d'enfer (Virgin), selling over 2,200,000 copies the most successful Renaud album to date.
- 2006: Rouge sang (EMI)
- 2009: Molly Malone – Balade irlandaise (EMI)
Live albums[edit source | edit]Edit
- 1980: Bobino (Polydor)
- 1981: Le P'tit bal du samedi soir et autres chansons réalistes (Polydor)
- 1982: Un Olympia pour moi tout seul (Polydor)
- 1989: Visage pâle rencontrer public (Virgin)
- 1996: Paris-Province (Virgin)
- 2003: Tournée d'enfer (Virgin)
- 2007: Tournée Rouge sang (Ceci-Celà)
Compilations[edit source | edit]Edit
- 1995: Les Introuvables – a collection of rarities
Films[edit source | edit]Edit
Awards[edit source | edit]Edit
- 1993: Traditional music album of the year award for "Renaud cante el' Nord"
- 2001: Lifetime achievement award
- 2003: Three awards given for: Album of the Year, Artist of the Year, and Song of the Year (for Manhattan-Kaboul with Axelle Red)
Chronology[edit source | edit]Edit
• 1952 May 11 : born in Paris, son of a teacher for German language.
• 1968 Crève salope! First successful song—among the students.
• 1980 August: Birth of his daughter Lolita.
• 1985 Moscow: Déserteur; All the spectators spontaneously leave the concert hall.
• 1986 Advertising for the brewer Kanterbrau™
• 1992 (-1993) Contributor for the satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo: Renaud bille en tête.
• 1995 (-1996) Contributor again for Charlie Hebdo: Envoyé spécial chez moi.
• 1999 Abandoned by his wife Dominique.
• 2005 2nd marriage (with the Singer Romane Serda); Birth of his son Malone.
• 2006 Les Bobos | The Bobos Satire on the Parisian lower bourgeoisie.
• 2011 August 3: Birth of his grand daughter ( daughter of his daughter Lolita Séchan )
• 2011 2nd divorce.