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Ring of Fire

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Ring of Fire
Ring of Fire 1963
{{{Type}}} by Johnny Cash
Released April 19, 1963
Recorded March 25, 1963
Genre Country, rock and roll
Length 2:38
Label Columbia
Producer Don Law
Johnny Cash chronology
"Busted
(1962)
"Ring of Fire"
(1963, 1968)
"The Matador"
(1963)

"Ring of Fire" or "The Ring of Fire" is a song written by June Carter Cash and Merle Kilgore and popularized by Johnny Cash.[1] The single appears on Cash's 1963 album, Ring of Fire: The Best of Johnny Cash. The song was originally recorded by June's sister, Anita Carter, on her Mercury Records album Folk Songs Old and New (1963) as "(Love's) Ring of Fire". "Ring of Fire" ranked No. 4 on CMT's 100 Greatest Songs in Country Music in 2003 and #87 on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

The song was recorded on March 25, 1963, and became the biggest hit of Johnny Cash's career, staying at number one on the charts for seven weeks. It was certified Gold on January 21, 2010 by the R.I.A.A. and has also sold over 1.2 million digital downloads.[2]

ConceptionEdit

Although "Ring of Fire" sounds somewhat ominous, the term refers to falling in love – which is what June Carter was experiencing with Johnny Cash at the time. Some sources claim that Carter had seen the phrase "Love is like a burning ring of fire," underlined in one of her uncle A. P. Carter's Elizabethan books of poetry.[3][4] She worked with Kilgore on writing a song inspired by this phrase as she had seen her uncle do in the past. She had written: "There is no way to be in that kind of hell, no way to extinguish a flame that burns, burns, burns".[5]

Cash's first wife, Vivian Liberto, offers a different conception of "Ring of Fire" in her book I Walked the Line. She contends that June Carter Cash was not a co-writer of the song: "To this day, it confounds me to hear the elaborate details June told of writing that song for Johnny. She didn't write that song any more than I did. The truth is, Johnny wrote that song, while pilled up and drunk, about a certain private female body part. All those years of her claiming she wrote it herself, and she probably never knew what the song was really about." Liberto claims that Cash decided to give Carter co-writer status because "She needs the money".[6]

The song was originally recorded by June's sister, Anita Carter, on her Mercury Records album Folk Songs Old and New (1963) as "(Love's) Ring of Fire". Mercury released Anita's version as a single and it was a featured "pick hit" in Billboard magazine.

After hearing Anita's version, Cash claimed he had a dream where he heard the song accompanied by "Mexican horns". Cash stated, "I'll give you about five or six more months, and if you don't hit with it, I'm gonna record it the way I feel it." Cash noted that adding trumpets was a change to his basic sound.[7]

When the song failed to become a major hit for Anita, Cash recorded it his own way, adding the mariachi-style horns. This sound was later used in the song "It Ain't Me Babe", which was recorded around the same time. Mother Maybelle and the Carter sisters are prominently featured in the Cash recording singing harmony. Cash tinkered with a few of the original phrases in Anita Carter's version of the song.

Cash's daughter Rosanne has stated, "The song is about the transformative power of love and that's what it has always meant to me and that's what it will always mean to the Cash children."[8]

LegacyEdit

Ring of Fire
{{{Type}}} by Eric Burdon & the Animals
Released 1969
Genre Psychedelic rock
Length 4:58 (album version)
Label MGM
Producer Tom Wilson
Eric Burdon & the Animals chronology
"White Houses"
(1968)
"Ring of Fire"
(1969)
"River Deep Mountain High"
(1969)
Ring of Fire
{{{Type}}} by Social Distortion
Released 1989
Genre Punk rock
Length 3:51
Label Epic
Producer Dave Jerden
Social Distortion chronology
"Ball and Chain"
(1989)
" Ring of Fire"
(1989)
Ring of Fire
{{{Type}}} by DragonForce
Released August 18, 2014 (Europe)
August 19, 2014 (North America)
Recorded 2013-2014
Genre Power metal
Length 3:15
Label earMUSIC (Europe)
Metal Blade Records (North America)
3Wise (Australia)
JVC Victor (Japan)
Producer Jens Bogren

Numerous cover versions of "Ring of Fire" have been produced, the most commercially successful version being by Eric Burdon & the Animals. Their version was recorded at the end of 1968, and made the Top 40 in four different countries.[9] In late 1974, the Eric Burdon Band released a heavier version. A cover of the song by Alan Jackson with guest vocals from Lee Ann Womack was released as a single on December 6, 2010. It served as the lead-off single to his 34 Number Ones compilation album, and peaked at #45 in the Country charts, becoming his first single to miss the Country Top 40 since "Just Put a Ribbon in Your Hair" peaked at #51 in 2004.[10] It was his last single released by Arista Records.

In 2014, British band DragonForce released a power metal version of the song on their sixth album Maximum Overload.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Ring of Fire – Johnny Cash. AllMusic. Retrieved on December 19, 2014.
  2. Grein, Paul (2010-09-24). Chart Watch Extra: Songs From The Last Century. Nielsen Business Media. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved on March 22, 2012.
  3. "Obituary: Anita Carter". The poem was "Love's Ring Of Fire by Bob Johnston, according to Johnny Cash by Stephen Miller. The (London) Independent. August 4, 1999. Retrieved on March 23, 2007.
  4. "Google Books Search, Johnny Cash, by Steve Miller".
  5. "Ring of Fire". RollingStone.com. December 9, 2004. Retrieved on March 23, 2007.
  6. Vivian Cash; Ann Sharpsteen (4 September 2007). I Walked the Line: My Life with Johnny. Simon and Schuster. p. 294. ISBN 978-1-4165-3292-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=TmkBUE0f3HAC&pg=PA294. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  7. Template:Pop Chronicles
  8. "Cash family blocks haemorrhoid ad". BBC.com. February 18, 2004. Retrieved on March 23, 2007.
  9. The Animals chart entries, tsort.info.
  10. [[[:Template:BillboardURLbyName]] Alan Jackson USA chart history], Billboard.com. Retrieved June 11, 2012.

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