Robert Browning (CamberwellLondon7 may 1812 – 12 december Venice1889) was an English poet and playwright. He is considered one of the important writers of the Victorian era.


[hide]*Youth 1


Evaluation father, who worked at the Bank of England, was interested in the arts and possessed an extensive library. His mother had musical talent and he had a gifted younger sister. The family lived simple but happy and in this environment the young Robert developed a passion for poetry and music. He was also an accomplished artist.When he was 12 or 13 years old he already had quite a few poems written. His father tried to publish work by Benjamin Flower, but it was not accepted, which Robert de poems destroyed. Flowers had transcribed work, however, and two daughters poems were retained, The First Born of Egypt and The Dance of Death. Browning was at the age of 14, impressed by the work of Shelley, and he was under the influence of them, albeit temporarily, atheist and vegetarian. Also the work of John Keats and Lord Byron influenced him.

The young Robert Browning quickly learned and mastered early on French, Italian, Greek and Latin. At the age of 16, he went to the University College London, but made it the first year not off. His biographer Maisie Ward suggested that he might be bored and the controlled substance is already offered.

At the age of 20 he wrote Pauline: A Fragment of a Confession that was published anonymously in 1833. The work attracted little attention. After this, he considered a diplomatic career and traveled on the invitation of the Russian consul General George the Benkhausen to Saint Petersburg. On his return he tried to be ranked on a mission to Persia, but it did not.

Browning summed up the plan on to dedicate a poem to the Italian, from 13th-century Mantua -born poet and troubadour Sordello. This he worked intermittently for seven years. the work appeared in 1840. In the meantime he published a number of other works. In 1835 appeared Paracelsus, a poem about the 16th-century Swiss physician and alchemist Paracelsus. The subject was given him by a friend, the French count Amédée the Ripert-Monclar, to whom the work is dedicated. This he achieved fame, not by the general public, but at least in literary circles, and he came in touch with writers such as William Wordsworth, Walter Savage Landor and Charles DickensThomas Carlyle. With the latter he had a warm and long-lasting friendship. At the request of the famous actor William Macready, he wrote his first play, the verse Strafford(1837). Although the experienced Macready have realised that the piece was not suitable for the stage, the production still continued. It tightened in May 1837 in the long run only five performances. It was first Evaluation work, instead of at his own expense, at the expense of the Publisher was published.

Bells and Pomegranates by[Edit]Edit

In 1838 he visited Italy, a country to which he would pledge his heart. When Sordello in 1840 came on the market, it turned out not the success that Browning expected it to be. The described political entanglements between the Italian city States were too unclear for the English public and the work made the described situations not very clear. This came his publisher, who also issued at the time of the friendly and the work famous Alfred Tennyson, with the idea of Evaluation work in the cheaper form of pamphlets, to providing access to the public to make it thereby. This eight-part series Bells and Pomegranates by (1841 – 1846) in which both poems as plays were included (see the list below). Evaluation in particular poetic work comes in clearly. He became a master in the field of the dramatic monologue, including shows in 1842 appeared in the Dramatic Lyrics. The most cited example is the poem My Last Duchess. In this work also appeared are perhaps most famous poem The Pied Piper of Hamelin, to the Pied Piper of Hamelin of the Brothers Grimm.


[1][2]Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Robert Browning.

After a new visit to Italy in 1844, he became acquainted with the work of the poet Elizabeth Barrett. Hair bundle Poems took off his attention and in 1845 he made personally acquainted with it. The pair hit fast in love and they married in september 1846 in secret, because her strict father, children are not allowed to get married. The couple already left a week later to Italy and went to live in Florence, Casa Guidi, in the mansion that is now a museum. Preoccupied by his new surroundings and his wife, whose work he greatly admired, wrote no new work for four years Browning. His wife during this period was more famous than himself. Their only son was born In March 1849. In 1851 they brought a visit to England, where they were warmly received by their literary friends. However, they left again soon to the Mainland, where they meet with, among others,Alexandre DumasGeorge SandWilliam Makepeace Thackeray and Aubrey Thomas de Vere.


Men and Women, appeared In 1855 that was praised by a growing group of admirers, but still not while the critics. He was in that area still overshadowed by his wife, he had no trouble with it. When she died in 1861, he went with their son Robert (nicknamed ' Pen ') back to England and settled in London. With the appearance of Dramatis Personae in 1864 he began to gain recognition. With the votes in four parts The Ring and the Book (1868 – 1869) he established his reputation finally.

In 1878 he returned to Italy. His last work, Asolando, came out in 1889. In the same year he died at the home of his son in Venice. He was buried in the Poets ' Corner in Westminster Abbey, next to his friend Alfred, Lord Tennyson.



  • Pauline: A Fragment of a Confession, 1833
  • Paracelsus, 1835
  • Sordello, 1840
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. i: Pippa Passes, 1841
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. III: Dramatic Lyrics, 1842
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. VII: Dramatic Romances and Lyrics, 1845
  • Christmas-Eve and Easter-Day, 1850
  • Men and Women, 1855
  • Dramatis Personae, 1864
  • The Ring and the Book, 1868-1869
  • Balaustion's Adventure, including a transcript from Euripides, 1871
  • Prince Hohenstiel-Schwangau, Saviour Of Society, 1871
  • Fifine At The Fair, 1872
  • Red Cotton Night-Cap Country, or Turf And Towers, 1873
  • Aristophanes ' Apology, including a transcript from Euripides, being the Last Adventure Of Balaustion, 1875
  • The Inn Album, 1875
  • It called for and How He Worked in a Pachiarotto, 1876
  • La Saisiaz and The Two Poets Of Croisic, 1878
  • Dramatic Idyls, 1879
  • Dramatic Idyls, Second Series, 1880
  • Jocoseria, 1883
  • Ferishtah's Fancies, 1884
  • Parleyings With Certain People Of Importance In Their Day, 1887
  • Asolando, 1889


  • Strafford, 1837
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. II: King Victor And King Charles, 1842
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. IV: The Return Of The Druses, 1843
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. v: A Blot In The Scutcheon, 1843
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. VI: Colombe's Birthday, 1844
  • Bells and Pomegranates by, no. VIII: Luria and A soul's Tragedy, 1846


  • The Agamemnon of Aeschylus, 1877

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.